Mandag åpner den nye svenske Riksdagen. Hvor lenge vil de etablerte klare å holde seg «rene» og unngå kontakt med Sverigedemokratene? I Nederland er det dannet ny regjering under Mark Rutte, med Frihetspartiet som støtteparti, samme rolle som Dansk Folkeparti. De nye høyrepartiene stormer frem.
I Nederland er det allerede presentert en regjeringsplattform som varsler en helt ny kurs. Liberale kommentatorer åkker seg og klager, men meningsmålinger viser at tre av fire nederlendere støtter forslagene.
Stikkord er strengere innvandringspolitikk, mer overvåking, strengere straffer for vanekriminelle, restriksjoner på prostitusjon og coffeeshops hvor det røykes hasj.
Det underliggende premiss er at det liberale samfunn må forsvare seg og har rett til det.
The end of an era of traditional Dutch tolerance has been declared by the country’s new right-wing Government with dramatic moves to stop immigration, soft drugs and prostitution.
In addition to a ban on the Muslim veil, the Government’s four-year programme includes a «very substantial reduction» in immigration combined with tough nationality tests before new arrivals are allowed to stay.
The coffee shops that serve cannabis and are a symbol of relaxed Dutch openness are to become members-only to deter drug-tourists. And, in a country where prostitution has long been openly permitted, the minimum age for sex workers will be raised from 18 to 21 amid growing fears over people-trafficking.
Opposition politicians criticised the coalition agreement – between the right-wing Liberals and Christian Democrats, supported by the anti-Islamic Freedom Party of Geert Wilders – as «deeply divisive» and warned that it could ignite community tension. A snap poll of voters, however, showed that nearly three-quarters agreed with the programme, which also includes longer prison sentences for reoffenders, increased search powers for police and more CCTV surveillance. «We judge people not by their origin, but by their future, not by their religious beliefs but by their behaviour,» said Mark Rutte, the new Prime Minister.
Commentators believe that the Government, formed after difficult talks following elections in June, shows that the Netherlands has turned from multiculturalism towards nationalism.
The process began with the populist Pim Fortuyn – the first successful politician to call for full integration of Muslims and attack Islam as a «backward culture» – who was murdered in 2002.
«One of the striking paradoxes is that, with Wilders, there is a strong emphasis on freedom,» said Dick Houtman, Professor of cultural sociology at Erasmus University, Rotterdam. «[He believes] the liberal, tolerant, Western cultural heritage . . . needs to be protected against the ‘Islamic invasion’, so to say, where women are treated as second-rate =
citizens.The consequence is that the progressive Left parties find it difficult to counter the populist rhetoric.»