Nytt

Barack Obama har et stort problem når han skal overtale amerikanerne til å intervenere i Syria: Den frie syriske hær som USA i juni vedtok å støtte, deltar i angrep sammen med jihadistene.

Det skjedde nylig i angrepet på den kristne historiske byen Maaloula.

Siden jihadistene dokumenterer mye av sin krigføring dukker bevismaterialet opp på youtube. Det gjør det nærmest politisk umulig for USA å intervenere, selv passivt gjennom våpen.

Den frie syriske hær brukte uttrykket «korsfarerhovedstaden» om Maaloula, som ifølge NRKs korrespondent Sigurd Falkenberg Mikkelsen er et «spirituelt sted».

 

tweet:

#FSA announced the start of the «Battle to Liberate the Crusaders’ Capital» & are trying to re-enter#Maaloula, but #SAA is fighting them

Videoen som viser at FSA og jihadistene samarbeider. Igjen dukker den respektløse holdningen til drepte, eller henrettede? opp

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New York Times har lagt ut en video som viser en opprørsleder som henretter syv regjeringssoldater. Videoen ble smuglet ut av et medlem av gruppen som fikk nok av stadig mer bestialske metoder.

Bilder som dette gjør det uhyre vanskelig for USA å støtte opprørerne. Spesielt ikke når den frie syriske hæren samarbeider med jihadistene i angrep på kristne byer.

Kerry ble spurt om salafistenes deltakelse i krigen under Kongress-høringen sist uke. Svaret overbeviste ikke.

Men det var ikke så grovt som NRKs Moskva-korrespondent Wilhelm Steinfeld refererte. Han påsto at Kerry svarte at det ikke fantes al-Qaida i Syria og siterte Putin på at Kerry løy. Men det var Putin som løy og Steinfeld la sin faglige tyngde bak hans ord. Det er en trist sorti for en en gang dyktig reporter.

 

In Washington on Wednesday, Secretary of State John Kerry addressed the issue of radicalized rebels in an exchange with Representative Michael McCaul, a Texas Republican. Mr. Kerry insisted, “There is a real moderate opposition that exists.”

Mr. Kerry said that there were 70,000 to 100,000 “oppositionists.” Of these, he said, some 15 percent to 20 percent were “bad guys” or extremists.

Mr. McCaul responded by saying he had been told in briefings that half of the opposition fighters were extremists.

Historier som ryster

Det er mordlysten til personer som Abdul Samad Issa, 37, som gjør at amerikanerne ikke ønsker å bli involvert i Syria. De har møtt dem i Irak og Afghanistan.

Før henrettelsen leser han et dikt som handler om å ta hevn for 50 års undertrykkelse. Det er alawittene han snakker om. Hevn betyr å drepe dem.

 

In the more than two years this civil war has carried on, a large part of the Syrian opposition has formed a loose command structure that has found support from several Arab nations, and, to a more limited degree, the West. Other elements of the opposition have assumed an extremist cast, and openly allied with Al Qaeda.

Across much of Syria, where rebels with Western support live and fight, areas outside of government influence have evolved into a complex guerrilla and criminal landscape.

That has raised the prospect that American military action could inadvertently strengthen Islamic extremists and criminals.

Abdul Samad Issa, 37, the rebel commander leading his fighters through the executions of the captured soldiers, illustrates that very risk.

Known in northern Syria as “the Uncle” because two of his deputies are his nephews, Mr. Issa leads a relatively unknown group of fewer than 300 fighters, one of his former aides said. The former aide, who smuggled the video out of Syria, is not being identified for security reasons.

A trader and livestock herder before the war, Mr. Issa formed a fighting group early in the uprising by using his own money to buy weapons and underwrite the fighters’ expenses.

His motivation, his former aide said, was just as the poem he recited said: revenge.

Issa er en tidligere gjeter og kjøpmann. Hans far ble visstnok drept i Hama i 1982, og selv ble han også arrestert for motstand mot regimet. Nå tar han hevn.

Det er flere interessante detaljer i storyen: hvem er de arabiske forretningsmenn og arabiske land som finansierer disse gruppene? Det er noe av de samme land og interesser som finansierer moskeer i europeiske byer. Deres metoder i Syria bør derfor i høy grad interessere europeere.

Mr. Issa’s father was opposed to President Hafez al-Assad, the father of Syria’s current president. He disappeared in 1982, according to Mr. Issa’s accounts.

Mr. Issa, the aide said, believes his father was killed during a 27-day government crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood that year, known as the Hama massacre.

By the time he was a young man, Mr. Issa was vocally antigovernment and was arrested and imprisoned twice for a total of nine months, the aide said.

When the uprising against Bashar al-Assad started two and a half years ago, the family saw it as a means to try to settle old scores.

At first, people who know Mr. Issa said, he was a protester, and then he led fighters in small skirmishes. By last year he was running a training camp in the highlands near Turkey.

By this year, the aide said, he was gathering weapons from relatives and Arab businessmen he knew from his work as a trader and, at least once, from the Western-supported Supreme Military Council of the Free Syrian Army, the rebel forces.

(Two representatives of the military council declined to comment on the council’s military collaboration or logistical support for Mr. Issa’s group. Mr. Issa could not be reached for comment over two days this week.)

By the spring, his group had taken a resonant name: Jund al-Sham, which it shares with three international terrorist groups, and another group in Syria.

 

Grupper som Issas minner om leiesoldatene under tredveårskrigen. De spretter opp som sopp etter regn. De er ikke så interessert i å bekjempe Assad som å skaffe seg et eget territorium de kan styre som de vil.

Det er illevarslende at de forsøker å skape sammenhengende områder med Irak. Det vil bli utklekkingssteder for jihadister i fremtiden, på samme måte som området fra Somalia i øst til Niger i vest i Sahelbeltet i Afrika.

 

While the jihadis claim to be superior fighters, and have collaborated with secular Syrian rebels, some analysts and diplomats also note that they can appear less focused on toppling President Bashar al-Assad. Instead, they said, they focus more on establishing a zone of influence spanning Iraq’s Anbar Province and the desert eastern areas of Syria, and eventually establishing an Islamic territory under their administration.

 

USA hevder de vil styrke de sekulære opprørerne. Men det er ikke slik det fungerer på bakken, der har krigen sin egen dynamikk, skriver Chivers i New York Times.

Hvorfor publiserer opprørerne slike grusomheter?

For å vise at krigen handler om å ta hevn. Den gir anledning til bytte og hevn. Viktige motivasjonsfaktorer.

Dessuten er videoen en søknad om ytterligere finansiering fra Gulfen og Saudi-Arabia. Den viser donorene at gruppene leverer.

Dessuten skal de tjene til å slå fienden med frykt.

Ifølge avhopperen skal Issas gruppe ha funnet videoer på mobilene til regjeringssoldatene som viste voldtekter og plyndring.

 

But, they said, one of his tactics has been to promise to his fighters what he calls “the extermination” of Alawites — the minority Islamic sect to which the Assad family belongs, and which Mr. Issa blames for Syria’s suffering.

This sentiment may have driven Mr. Issa’s decision to execute his prisoners in the video, his former aide said. The soldiers had been captured when Mr. Issa’s fighters overran a government checkpoint north of Idlib in March.

Råskap som dette gjør krigen enda mer uforsonlig. Det er neppe noen vestlig aktør som tør å bli innblandet.

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/05/world/middleeast/brutality-of-syrian-rebels-pose-dilemma-in-west.html?pagewanted=2&ref=middleeast