Gresk politi henviser folk med trøbbel til Gyllent daggry for at de skal ordne opp. Folk som står lavt på samfunnsstigen føler de ikke har noe valg, og havner i avhengighetsforhold til det ytterliggående partiet.
På kort tid har partiet doblet sin oppslutning og står nå på 22 prosent.
Mennesker som ellers ikke har noe til overs for partiet, sier at situasjonen er slik at man henvender seg der hjelpen er å få. Det er et stort samfunnsmessig vakuum som Gyllent daggry fyller.
One victim of crime, an eloquent US-trained civil servant, told the Guardian of her family’s shock at being referred to the party when her mother recently called the police following an incident involving Albanian immigrants in their downtown apartment block.
«They immediately said if it’s an issue with immigrants go to Golden Dawn,» said the 38-year-old, who fearing for her job and safety, spoke only on condition of anonymity. «We don’t condone Golden Dawn but there is an acute social problem that has come with the breakdown of feeling of security among lower and middle class people in the urban centre,» she said. «If the police and official mechanism can’t deliver and there is no recourse to justice, then you have to turn to other maverick solutions.»
Other Greeks with similar experiences said the far-rightists, catapulted into parliament on a ticket of tackling «immigrant scum» were simply doing the job of a defunct state that had left a growing number feeling overwhelmed by a «sense of powerlessness». «Nature hates vacuums and Golden Dawn is just filling a vacuum that no other party is addressing,» one woman lamented. «It gives ‘little people’ a sense that they can survive, that they are safe in their own homes.»
Far from being tamed, parliamentary legitimacy appears only to have emboldened the extremists. In recent weeks racially-motivated attacks have proliferated. Immigrants have spoken of their fear of roaming the streets at night following a spate of attacks by black-clad men on motorbikes. Street vendors from Africa and Asia have also been targeted.
«For a lot of people in poorer neighbourhoods we are liberators,» crowed Yiannis Lagos, one of 18 MPs from the stridently patriot «popular nationalist movement» to enter the 300-seat house in June. «The state does nothing,» he told a TV chat show, adding that Golden Dawn was the only party that was helping Greeks, hit by record levels of poverty and unemployment, on the ground. Through an expansive social outreach programme, which also includes providing services to the elderly in crime-ridden areas, the group regularly distributes food and clothes parcels to the needy.
But the hand-outs come at a price: allegiance to Golden Dawn. «A friend who was being seriously harassed by her husband and was referred to the party by the police very soon found herself giving it clothes and food in return,» said a Greek teacher, who, citing the worsening environment enveloping the country, again spoke only on condition of anonymity. «She’s a liberal and certainly no racist and is disgusted by what she has had to do.»
The strategy, however, appears to be paying off. On the back of widespread anger over biting austerity measures that have also hit the poorest hardest, the popularity of the far-rightists has grown dramatically with polls indicating a surge in support for the party.
One survey last week showed a near doubling in the number of people voicing «positive opinions» about Golden Dawn, up from 12% in May to 22%. The popularity of Nikos Michaloliakos, the party’s rabble-rousing leader had shot up by 8 points, much more than any other party leader.
Seated in her office beneath the Acropolis, Anna Diamantopoulou, a former EU commissioner, shakes her head in disbelief. Despair, she says, has brought Greece to a dangerous place.
«I never imagined that something like Golden Dawn would happen here, that Greeks could vote for such people,» she sighed. «This policy they have of giving food only to the Greeks and blood only to the Greeks. The whole package is terrifying. This is a party based on hate of ‘the other’. Now ‘the other’ is immigrants, but who will ‘the other’ be tomorrow?»