Rett før ettårsdagen for likvideringen av Osama bin Laden er det grunn til å se på hvordan Pakistan har reagert.
Angrepet på Kabul og Jalalabad kan sees i et slikt lys. Pakistan oppfatter terror som en liten del av en større krig som de fører for å fremme sine interesser. Pakistan tror de kan anvende terror til sin fordel, og gjør det. At det går med noen egne borgere, eller at det fremmer ekstremisme er omkostninger på kjøpet.
At det også koster ISAF-soldater livet er beklagelig, men nødvendig.
Det er i et slikt lys man må forstå USAs reaksjon på angrepene mot Kabul og Jalalabad 15. april. USA er for lengst klar over Pakistans dobbeltspill. Angriperne kom fra Pakistan og var fra Haqqani-netterverket. Det er det samme som å etterlate seg ISIs fingeravtrykk.
In addition to being a key al Qaeda ally, the Haqqani Network is the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency’s favorite proxy. Admiral Mike Mullen, former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, described the Haqqani network as a “veritable arm” of the ISI during congressional testimony last year.
And so if the Haqqanis’ message to the West is “get out,” then we can assume that’s the message powerful factions inside the ISI want to send as well. This is not the first time they have sent this message.
In June 2011, the Haqqanis struck the Intercontinental Hotel in Kabul. The terrorists deliberately sought out foreign guests, killing 11 civilians and 2 Afghan policemen. Intercepted phone calls between the terrorists and their handlers show that the assault was commanded from Pakistan by Badruddin Haqqani, a top commander in the network.
A few months later, in September 2011, the Haqqanis struck the American embassy in Kabul and detonated a massive truck bomb at a NATO outpost south of the capital. As reported by the New York Times, Mullen pointed the finger at the ISI.
“With ISI support, Haqqani operatives planned and conducted that truck bomb attack, as well as the assault on our embassy,” Admiral Mullen testified before the Senate Armed Services Committee. “We also have credible evidence that they were behind the June 28th attack against the Intercontinental Hotel in Kabul and a host of other smaller but effective operations.”
The Obama administration tried to soften Mullen’s comments. But, for many reasons, Mullen’s assessment still stands. There is no serious dispute over the relationship between the Haqqanis and the Pakistani ISI.
Whether the ISI had a direct hand in these latest attacks or not, Pakistan has, at a minimum, allowed the Haqqanis to project their terror into Afghanistan from Pakistani soil once again.
Tilbaketrekning skjer to år for tidlig
Det er bemerkelsesverdig at nåværende amerikansk ambassadør til Kabul, den erfarne Ryan Crocker, offentlig uttaler at USA trekker seg ut to år for tidlig.
America’s top diplomat in Kabul, Ambassador Ryan Crocker, knows what message the terrorists and their sponsors are trying to send in their latest attacks. And he sees it, as he has said in the past, as a warning against the premature withdrawal of Western forces.
“There’s a very dangerous enemy out there with capabilities and with safe havens in Pakistan,” Crocker said during an interview televised on CNN. “To get out before the Afghans have a full grip on security, which is a couple of years out, would be to invite the Taliban, Haqqani, and Al Qaeda back in and set the stage for another 9/11. And that, I think, is an unacceptable risk for any American.”
Thomas Joscelyn is a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies.