Arkeologer har funnet potteskår sør for Jerusalem som dateres til 975 f. Kr. Det gjør det til den eldste hebraiske skrift som er funnet. Teksten kan være fra kong Davids tid.
Man har foreløpig greid å tyde ordene «konge», «dommer» og «slave».
The pottery shard, with its five lines of inscription in a proto-Canaanite script that is a predecessor of Hebrew, was found during the excavation of the Elah fortress at Khirbet Qeiyafa, just south of Jerusalem.
The fortress is thought to have been a checkpoint guarding a main route between the Israelites and territory controlled by the Philistines. About 600 square metres (718 square yards) have been excavated, revealing the remains of a 10.5-metre-high (11.5 yards) gate and a city wall about 700 metres (765 yards) long.
The pottery shard has been dated to as early as 975BC, based on burned olive pits found nearby that have been carbon-dated at Oxford University.