John Bettes A Man in a Black Cap (1545) Tate Gallery

Bettes is first recorded carrying out decorative work for Henry VIII’s court in 1531–3, and he may have worked with Hans Holbein The Younger, the most famous Tudor painter. Originally this portrait was larger, and would have had a blue background similar to the colour often used by Holbein. Due to long exposure to light, the pigment (smalt) has changed to brown.