FBI mener russerne tilbakeholdt opplysninger om Tsarnajev-brødrenes radikalisering. Men en an annen rapport viser at russerne fortalte om særlig Tamerlanes radikalisering. Men myndighetene tok ikke opplysningene alvorlig.
Blant annet varslet russerne i 2011 at Tamerlan planla å endre navn. Det gjorde han så og navnet han valgte var Muaz, navnet på en islamsk skriftlærd fra islams tidlige periode og en kriger som ble drept av russerne i 2009. Uansett burde dett fått varsellampene til å lyse.
Var grunnen at under Obama-administrasjonen er det større tilbakeholdenhet med å granske muslimer fordi det lett oppfattes som «racial profiling». Terskelen er hevet, det skal mer til før alarmen går.
Russerne varslet om at Tamerlan var i ferd med å radikaliseres, at han kom til å endre navn og til å besøke Kaukasus. Alt stemte. Tamerlan dro til Dagestan i 2012 og ble der i seks måneder.
Det er en slags riksrevisjon for 17 ulike etterretningsorganisasjoner som har laget rapporten som legger skylden på russerne.
Russian officials had told the F.B.I. in 2011 that the suspect, Tamerlan Tsarnaev, “was a follower of radical Islam and a strong believer” and that Mr. Tsarnaev “had changed drastically since 2010 as he prepared to leave the United States for travel to the country’s region to join unspecified underground groups.”
But after an initial investigation by the F.B.I., the Russians declined several requests for additional information about Mr. Tsarnaev, according to the report, a review of how intelligence and law enforcement agencies could have thwarted the bombing.
At the time, American law enforcement officials believed that Mr. Tsarnaev posed a far greater threat to Russia.
The new inspector general’s report found that it was only after the bombing occurred last April that the Russians shared with the F.B.I. the additional intelligence, including information from a telephone conversation the Russian authorities had intercepted between Mr. Tsarnaev and his mother in which they discussed Islamic jihad.
Kongressrepresentanten William R. Keating dro til Moskva og snakket med russisk etterretning. De viste ham brevet de sendte FBI.
The disclosure of the Russians’ specific warning about the name change raises additional questions about whether federal agencies missed another signal that the elder Tsarnaev brother was veering toward radical Islam after a six-month trip in 2012 to the restive Russian province of Dagestan.
“That would have been one more red flag,” said US Representative William R. Keating, a Bourne Democrat, who was briefed by Russian intelligence officials on a congressional trip to Moscow. “It would have been one more thing we were warned about that was happening.”
Tsarnaev tried to change his name as part of a US citizenship application he filed in August 2012 with Citizenship and Immigration Services, a division of the Department of Homeland Security, a US official confirmed on Wednesday.
The disclosure was made as the federal government continues to examine potential intelligence failures in the lead-up to the Marathon bombing. After Russian intelligence warned the FBI and the CIA in 2011 about Tsarnaev’s radicalization, the FBI investigated him in early 2011 and determined he was not a threat. His name was placed on government computer watchlists for potential terror suspects, but subsequent opportunities to track his travel to Russia in 2012 and interview him about his growing belief in radical Islam were missed.
Hvis Tamerlan ble satt på en «watchlist», og man likevel ikke fikk med seg at han var i Dagestan i seks måneder, har FBI en dårlig sak når de klager på russerne. Senere samme høst søkte Tamerlan om amerikansk statsborgerskap og her kaller han seg Muaz.
Komiteen for «homeland security» i Representantenes hus mener FBI ikke har lært leksen fra 9/11: signaler blir ikke fulgt opp. Hadde man gjort det ville man sett faresignalene.
The House Committee on Homeland Security had a more critical assessment in its own report, concluding that many of the lessons of Sept. 11, 2001, had not been fully absorbed and directly challenging the FBI’s assertions that nothing more could have been done to prevent the bombings.
The Homeland Security committee held a hearing Wednesday on its review of what went wrong.
Tsarnaev sought to legally change his first name to Muaz about six weeks after he returned from Dagestan in 2012, according to a government official who reviewed the nearly two dozen pages of immigration forms.
Keating said in an interview that Russian intelligence letters sent to both the FBI and CIA in 2011 about Tsarnaev predicted he would seek to change his name. The letter did not say what name Tsarnaev would take, according to Keating. Keating said Russian intelligence agencies read him a copy of the letter they sent to the FBI and the CIA. He took notes from the conversation, but was not given a copy of the letter.
“It’s amazing how much information they did know, the Russians,” Keating said. “Look at everything that’s there. The change of the name, that’s corroborated. That he wanted to travel back to Russia, that’s been corroborated. That he wanted to enlist with extremists, that’s corroborated. I mean, everything that was in that [warning] has been corroborated.”
Tamerlan ble intervjuet av FBI så sent som i januar 2013. Tre måneder senere sprengte han og broren Dsjokhar bombene under Boston Marathon.
On the citizenship forms, Tsarnaev provided his Yahoo e-mail address and listed that he worked for four months at a Home Depot in Quincy and two different pizza shops in Boston. He wrote that he had traveled out of the country for 178 days, writing that he had been in Russia but not specifying Dagestan, according to the government official.
Tsarnaev submitted the naturalization application on Aug. 28, 2012, and at that time indicated he wanted to change his name. About three weeks later, the FBI ran a name check and indicated that Muaz was an alias for Tsarnaev, the government official said. As part of the application process, Tsarnaev was interviewed by immigration officials on Jan. 23, 2013.
The elder Tsarnaev, whose brother and alleged accomplice Dzhokhar is awaiting trial in Boston, also indicated at the time his anti-American feelings, the source confirmed. At the bottom of the form, where the applicant is asked to take an oath of allegiance to the United States, Tsarnaev did not sign that portion. Instead, he printed his name, “Tamerlan.’’ Then he scratched that out, and wrote, “Muaz.’’
FBI visste at Tamerlan var blitt Muaz. De visste han hadde vært i Russland.
En av oppsummeringene etter 9/11 var at etatene måtte snakke med hverandre. Bare slik kunne man fange opp at farlige personer var i «emning».
One portion of the application asked if Tsarnaev had been a member of, or associated in any way with a communist, a totalitarian party, or a terrorist organization. According to the government source who has reviewed the application, Tsarnaev answered “no” to all three.
Paula Grenier, a spokeswoman for the US Citizenship and Immigration Service in Boston, said she does not have the authority to speak about the process by which immigration officers review citizenship applications or their level of interaction with other law enforcement agencies.
Tre mennesker ble drept og hel 260 såret under angrepet 15. april. Mange ble lemlestet for livet.
Da de ble skutt i Watertown et par dager senere hadde de fortsatt seks bomber igjen og var på vei til Times Square i New York.
They had six more bombs in their car and were on their way to New York City’s Times Square when they were stopped by police in Watertown, according to Representative Michael McCaul, a Texas Republican and the chairman of the Committee on Homeland Security.
Påtalemakten vil trolig be om dødsstraff for den yngre broren Dsjokhar.