Nytt

Hvis Pakistan hadde hatt ren samvittighet og ikke visst at Osama bin Laden skjulte seg i Abottabad, skulle man tro de hadde hyllet pakistanerne som hjalp amerikanerne å ta ham av dage. Men Pakistan har gjort det motsatte. De har gått etter alle som hjalp USA.

Den mest profilerte er legen Shakil Afridi, som drev et vaksineringsprogram i Waziristan. Han ble rekruttert av CIA gjennom Redd Barna. Han hjalp amerikanerne å lokalisere al Qaida-folk i grensetraktene. Senere, da amerikanerne kom på sporet av Osama bin Laden, fikk de ham til å ta blodprøver av beboerne i villaen i Abottabad. Men Afridi visste ikke hvem amerikanerne var på jakt etter.

Han ga amerikanerne likevel det avgjørende sporet da han var med å lokalisere bin Ladens sendebud, Quwaiti, som bodde i forgården til gjemmestedet og var den som dro ut med beskjeder.

Pakistanske myndigheter arresterte Afridi umiddelbart etter operasjonen 2. mai 2011, og sinnet mot ham er stort.

Picked up by Pakistani intelligence agents days after the Bin Laden raid a year ago and now in secret detention, the doctor, Shakil Afridi, has embodied the tensions between Washington and Islamabad. To some American officials he is a hero, worthy of praise and protection; Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta has personally appealed for his release. But inside Pakistan’s powerful military, still smarting from the raid on its soil, he is seen as a traitor who should face treason charges that could bring his execution. “We need to make an example of him,” one senior intelligence official said.

Ultimately, though, Mr. Afridi failed to establish Bin Laden’s presence in Abbottabad or gather useful DNA — his main achievement was to establish cellphone contact with Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti, the “courier” who guarded Bin Laden.

But he did, over the years, provide “valuable information” about Islamist extremists that saved both American and Pakistani lives, the official said. “His activities were not treasonous, as some have suggested; they were heroic and patriotic,” he said.

Men pakistanerne ser det annerledes. De ser på Afridi som en forræder, og det faktum at han ble rekruttert gjennom Redd Barna har fått store konsekvenser for internasjonale hjelpeorganisasjoner.

Dr. Afridi has told interrogators for the top Pakistani military intelligence agency, the ISI, that he was introduced to the C.I.A. through Save the Children, according to Pakistani officials and Western aid workers. Save the Children vigorously denies the claim, saying it has been made a scapegoat by a desperate man who, according to senior American officials, has been tortured in Pakistani custody. Nevertheless his claims have had a stark impact on an organization that says it spent $105 million last year helping seven million Pakistanis, most of them women and children.

Senior managers have been forbidden from leaving the country, other staff members have been refused visas, and aid supplies have been blocked by customs officials, depriving an estimated 35,000 infants of medical care over a three-month period. Pakistani intelligence has monitored the phone calls and residences of Save the Children staff.

Other aid groups complain of problems, too, largely at the hands of Pakistani officials convinced that their employees could be spies. To them, the affair sheds new light on a murky practice that they say should never take place: the recruitment of aid workers as intelligence operatives in a sensitive country like Pakistan, already awash in conspiracy theories about Western meddling.

Hjelpeorganisasjonene er rasende på CIA, som er underlagt strenge restriksjoner på hvem de kan rekruttere som agenter. Men hva gjør man i et land som Pakistan?

Afridi går en dyster fremtid i møte.

Dr. Afridi’s case is far from resolved. The government’s Abbottabad Commission, which is investigating the Bin Laden raid, has recommended that Dr. Afridi should face treason charges — even before it has published its findings, expected this month. Others say the case is more complicated, arguing that it may fall under local tribal law, which would not allow the death penalty but could lead to anything from a quiet release for Dr. Afridi to perpetual imprisonment.

In any event, one senior government official said, “He is in for a long haul.”

Fallout of Bin Laden Raid: Aid Groups in Pakistan Are Suspect