Nytt

Selv som offer opplever Israel en mistenksomhet og fiendtlighet som slår igjennom selv når landets statsminister påpeker en sammenheng mellom stormuftien av Jerusalem og dennes samarbeid med nazistene og dagens knivintifada.

Det var tirsdag Benjamin Netanyahu holdt en tale der han ville knytte dagens knivintifada til kollaborasjonen mellom muftien av Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, og Det tredje Riket. Allerede den gangen fantes ønsket om å utrydde jødene blant palestinske ledere, lenge før bosettinger og staten Israel eksisterte.

Der Grossmufti von Palästina vom Führer empfangen. Der Führer empfing in Gegenwart des Reichsministers des Auswärtigen von Ribbentrop den Grossmufti von Palästina, Sayid Amin al Husseini, zu einer herzlichen und für die Zukunft der arabischen Länder bedeutungsvollen Unterredung. 9.12.41  Presse Hoffmann

Der Grossmufti von Palästina vom Führer empfangen.
Der Führer empfing in Gegenwart des Reichsministers des Auswärtigen von Ribbentrop den Grossmufti von Palästina, Sayid Amin al Husseini, zu einer herzlichen und für die Zukunft der arabischen Länder bedeutungsvollen Unterredung.
9.12.41 Presse Hoffmann

Foto: Stormuftien møtte Hitler i Berlin i november 1941. Al-Husseini var ikke bare pro-tysk, han var pro-Endlösung, også etter krigen. Denne mørke siden ved palestinsk «nasjonalisme» er et upopulært tema.

Men Netanyahu tråkket feil da han sa muftien var den som hadde sådd ideen hos Hitler om å utrydde jødene, og det var dette feilskjæret kritikerne kastet seg over, både israelske historikere, palestinske politikere og vestlige medier som Reuters. De så helt bort fra hva Netanyahu ville si.

Det forsøkte statsministeren å poengtere utpå ettermiddagen onsdag:

In a statement on Wednesday afternoon, Netanyahu asserted that his comments had been misconstrued. Hitler, he said, “was responsible for the extermination of six million European Jews — no one doubts that.” But, he added, “we must not ignore that was among those who encouraged him to adopt the Final Solution. There is much testimony to that effect, including the testimony of Eichmann’s deputy at the Nuremberg trials.”

Addressing reporters on the tarmac at Ben-Gurion Airport, Netanyahu said he had no intention of “absolving Hitler of his responsibility,” but had rather meant to show that “the forefather of Palestinian nationalism, which was without a state and without what is referred to as an ‘occupation,’ without the territories and without settlements, was already aspiring, through systematic incitement, to annihilate the Jews.

“To my chagrin, Haj Amin al-Husseini is to this day a revered figure in Palestinian society — he appears in textbooks and celebrated as the father of the nation — and the incitement that began with him, the incitement to kill Jews, yet persists,” he said. “The incitement must stop if we are to end the murders. The paramount thing is to acknowledge the historical facts and not ignore them.”

Det siste er et vesentlig punkt og gyldig argument: Haj Amin al-Husseini visste om Holocaust og ble boende i Berlin til ut krigen.

Det er al-Husseinis rolle som stormufti av Jerusalem og forbindelsen til Nazi-Tyskland som gjør at Netanyahu ser en forbindelse til dagens blodige angrep på jøder.

Også på andre måter er det paralleller: Også stormuftien laget bråk om Tempelhøyden og påsto at jødene hadde tenkt å ta den over.

Al-Husseini’s vigorous efforts to transform the Haram into a symbol of pan-Arabic and Palestinian nationalism were intended to rally Arab support against the postwar influx of Jewish immigrants. In his campaigning, al-Husseini often accused Jews of planning to take possession of the Western Wall of Jerusalem, which belonged to the waqf of Abu Madyan as an inalienable property, and rebuild the Temple over the Al-Aqsa Mosque.[62] He took certain statements, for example, by the Ashkenazichief rabbi of Palestine, Abraham Isaac Kook regarding the eventual return in time of the Temple Mount back to Jewish hands, and turned them to a concrete political plot to seize control of the area.[63] Al-Husseini’s intensive work to refurbish the shrine as a cynosure for the Muslim world, and Jewish endeavours to improve their access to, and establish a ritually appropriate ambiance on the plaza by the Western Wall, led to increased conflict between the two communities, each seeing the site only from their own traditional perspective and interests.[64] Zionist narratives pinpointed al-Husseini’s works on, and publicity about, the site and threats to it, as attempts to restore his own family’s waning prestige. Arab narratives read the heightened agitation of certain Jewish groups over the Wall as an attempt to revive diaspora interest in Zionism after some years of relative decline, depression and emigration.[65] Each attempt to make minor alterations to the status quo, still governed by Ottoman law, was bitterly protested before the British authorities by the Muslim authorities. If Muslims could cite an Ottoman regulation of 1912 specifically forbidding objects like seating to be introduced, the Jews could cite testimonies to the fact that before 1914 certain exceptions had been made to improve their access and use of the Wall.[66] The decade witnessed several such episodes of strong friction, and the simmering tensions came to a head in late 1928, only to erupt, after a brief respite, into an explosion of violence a year later.

Parallellen til i dag er slående. Det samme er den kategoriske og dødelige avvisningen av jødisk eksistens i Jerusalem og Palestina.

Al-Husseini var nasjonalist, panarabisk sådan, og religiøs. Han spente buen høyt. Da britene la frem en hvitbok som ville begrense den jødiske innvandringen til 75.000 over fem år, avviste al-Husseini forslaget. Det var for mange. Han ville ikke ha noen.

Da han senere kom til Berlin og ble fortalt om Endlösung, endret han ikke holdning, men fortsatte å presse på for at ikke ett eneste jødisk barn skulle komme til Palestina, hvilket vil si at de ikke skulle unnslippe nazistenes klør.

Subsequently, the Mufti declared in November 1943:

It is the duty of Muhammadans in general and Arabs in particular to … drive all Jews from Arab and Muhammadan countries….Germany is also struggling against the common foe who oppressed Arabs and Muhammadans in their different countries. It has very clearly recognized the Jews for what they are and resolved to find a definitive solution [endgültige Lösung] for the Jewish danger that will eliminate the scourge that Jews represent in the world. ….[177]

Men al-Husseini var ikke arkitekten bak Holocaust. Der tok Netanyahu feil, og det var feilen alle konsentrerte seg om. Det er utrolig hvordan selv israelsk politikk er gjennomsyret av fiendtlighet og det å tolke ord i verste mening.

Netanyahus bommert:

“Hitler didn’t want to exterminate the Jews at the time [of the meeting between the mufti and the Nazi leader], he wanted to expel the Jews,” Netanyahu said. “And Haj Amin al-Husseini went to Hitler and said, ‘If you expel them, they’ll all come here [to mandatory Palestine],’” continued the prime minister.

“‘So what should I do with them?’ He [Hitler] asked,” according to Netanyahu. “He [Husseini] said, ‘Burn them.’”

Og den knusende kritikken, fra Arbeiderpartileder Isaac Herzog:

“This is a dangerous distortion of history and I demand that Netanyahu correct it immediately because it trivializes the Holocaust, the Nazis, and the terrible dictator Adolf Hitler’s share in the terrible tragedy of our people in the Holocaust,” Israeli opposition leader Isaac Herzog said in a statement. “It falls like ripe fruit straight into the hands of Holocaust deniers, and involves them in the Palestinian conflict.

“Netanyahu has forgotten that he is not only the Israeli prime minister, he is also the prime minister of the Jewish people. No one will teach me what a hater of Israel the mufti was. He gave the order to kill my grandfather, Rabbi [Yitzhak HaLevi] Herzog, and actively supported Hitler,” Herzog added.

Hvordan en slik tanke kan trivalisere Holocaust er vanskelig å se. Endlösung var ikke en plan Hitler hadde fiks ferdig. Den utviklet seg gradvis og modnet i hans sinn. Men i november 1941 hadde massemyrderiene på Østfronten pågått en god stund.

Israelske historikere og politikere er nesten like nådeløse mot Netanyahu som palestinske talsmenn:

Tom Segev, a leading Israeli historian who has conducted extensive research on the Holocaust, told The Times of Israel Wednesday that the notion that Hitler needed to be convinced to exterminate the Jews was “entirely absurd.” He stressed that “one can surely say that [Husseini] was a war criminal, but one cannot say Hitler needed his advice.”

Leder av det lille partiet Meretz sammenligner Netanyahu med Jörg Haider, den nazi-leflende lederen av det østerrikske Frihetspartiet. Det sier en del om debattklimaet i Israel.

Zehava Galon, leader of the liberal Meretz party, was even more vituperative, asserting that she felt “ashamed” for Netanyahu.

“This is not a speech by [extreme right-wing Austrian politician] Jorg Haider. This is not part of the doctorate of [Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud] Abbas [which accused the Zionist movement of collaborating with Nazism and played down the extent of the Holocaust]. It is an absolutely accurate quote by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu… It’s unbelievable,” Galon said in a statement.

Palestinske ledere trenger ikke gjøre noe. Den politiske gevinsten faller ned i hendene på dem som moden frukt.

Reuters har en versjon som klart behandler Netanyahu som den som trår over grensen og misbruker historien. Det er ikke et internasjonalt nyhetsbyrå verdig.

 

http://www.timesofisrael.com/netanyahu-accused-of-absolving-hitler-for-holocaust/

http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/10/21/us-israel-netanyahu-hitler-idUSKCN0SF15120151021

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haj_Amin_al-Husseini