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Da Den Islamske staten for Irak og al-Sham (Stor-Syria), ISIS,  inntok byen Raqqa i april, feiret Souad Nafwal (40) som mange andre og trodde på forandringer. Hun skulle snart bli skuffet.

Musikk, fotografering, sigaretter, alkohol ble forbudt og kvinner skulle være anstendig kledt. Ingen bukser på kvinner. Men Nafwal nektet. Hun går med hijab som en konservativ muslim, men buksene nektet hun å gi slipp på.

Hun gjorde noe med saken. Hun stilte seg opp foran hovedkvarteret til ISIS med en plakat der hun sa sin mening. Det likte jihadistene dårlig. De advarte henne og truet henne. Slo henne. Men de var samtidig forvirret. Menn som har vist opposisjon har forsvunnet eller havnet i fengsel. At Nafwal var kvinne beskyttet henne et stykke på vei.

Men til sist fikk hun beskjed om at det ville bli tatt håndfast affære hvis hun ikke tiet. Da rømte hun til Tyrkia.

Videoen hun har lagt ut er et stykke civil courage. Hun gjenkjenner en tidligere elev ved ISIS-hovedkvarteret og snakker med ham. – Hvordan de har forgiftet deres hoder, sier hun. Gutten vinkes vekk. Ingen får lov å snakke med henne.

De som står vakt er rene guttunger, og de fleste hos ISIS er utlendinger. De er verst, sier hun.

“A girl all by herself facing the Islamic State,” she sniffs in a recent video posted on Vimeo. “Talk about a state! It’s more like a small gang that takes advantage of people’s fear.” But the small gang was powerful, and when ISIS started threatening her life, Nawfal finally had to flee for Turkey, where she is now hiding in a safe house, wondering what happened to Syria’s revolution.

Mange aktivister som sloss mot Assad har endret syn når de ser hva ISIS står for.

“A lot of former activists are now saying to me, ‘When the choice is between Daish and Assad, I am going for Assad,’” says Randa Slim, a Syria expert at the Washington-based Middle East Institute, using the Syrian Arabic word for ISIS. To be sure, not all the rebel groups share the same ideology, but the most effective fighting groups, with their ranks filled by foreign jihadists, funded by private donors in the Gulf and backed by al-Qaeda, are gaining ground. As they grow, they are squeezing out the activists who dreamed of a Syria founded on democratic representation, freedom of religion and freedom of speech.

 

syria.nusra.aleppofoto: al Nusra-fronten ved Aleppo

 

In one she lambasts ISIS members in Raqqa for being so preoccupied by the fact she wears trousers to protest, while they conceal their identities with scarves and balaclavas. “I don’t ask why you are dressed the Afghan way,” she says. “How can pants be sinful and not the mask? They kidnap, they steal, they arrest. And no one can complain about anything because we don’t know who they are!” From her safe house in Turkey, she told Saudi Arabia’s al-Arabiya TV on Dec. 4, “I was standing against all those abuses that ISIS was carrying out. In terms of abductions, arrests [and] accusations, its behavior was the same as the regime’s.”

 

http://world.time.com/2013/12/09/some-syrian-revolutionaries-choose-assad-over-islamist-rebels/?iid=gs-main-lead