Britisk og fransk etterretning legger ikke skjul på at en stadig større del av tid og ressurser går med til å følge Syria-farere. En avhopper fra ISIS som Telegraph har snakket med bekrefter alvoret: alle trenes i å mestre bilbomber og lage selvmordsvester, som de bærer i kamp. Instruksjonen går ut på å ta kampen hjem til Europa.
Bare i Storbritannia snakker man om 500 jihadister. Det er mer enn myndighetene klarer å holde styr på.
Last month, Richard Walton, the head of Scotland Yard’s counter – terrorism command, said there were already indications that Britons were returning from Syria with orders to carry out attacks, with the Metropolitan Police carrying out a “huge number of operations” to protect the public.
He said: “I don’t think the public realises the seriousness of the problem. The penny hasn’t dropped. But Syria is a game – changer. We are seeing it every day. You have hundreds of people going to Syria, and if they don’t get killed they get radicalised.”
In his first public speech in October, Andrew Parker, the Director General of MI5, said: “For the future, there is good reason to be concerned about Syria. A growing proportion of our casework now has some link to Syria, mostly concerning individuals from the UK who have travelled to fight there or who aspire to do so.”
Telegraph har snakket med «Murad» en avhopper fra ISIS. Han er fra Aleppo og hadde studert jus ved universitetet der. Murad forteller om opplæringen og instruksjonen som ble gitt om å ta jihad hjem til Europa.
In an interview with this newspaper, the defector, known as Murad, said of the foreign fighters he met in Syria: “They talked often about terrorist attacks. The foreigners were proud of 9/11 and the London bombings. The British, French and American mujahideen [holy warriors] in the room started talking about places that they wanted to bomb or explode themselves in Europe and the United States. Everyone named a target. The American said he dreamed of blowing up the White House.”
Oppmerksomheten er ikke bare rettet mot å bekjempe Assad. Den er også vendt mot Europa og Vesten for øvrig. Al-Qaida har fått en gavepakke i alle Syria-farerne og er opptatt med å utnytte den.
In a rare interview on Turkey’s border with Syria, the defector from the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) said that recruits from Britain, Europe and the US were being indoctrinated in extremist anti-Western ideology, trained in how to make and detonate car bombs and suicide vests and sent home to start new terror cells.
He has provided the first confirmation from Syrian rebels that young British men are being indoctrinated in extremist anti-Western ideology.
Noe av det første de lærte var å lage bilbomber og selvmordsvester;
Every morning his group would wake at 5am to pray. After that they would study the Koran and then do two or three hours of military training. This included how to make and detonate car bombs and suicide vests.
”We all know how to do this now,” he said. “It is one of the first things they teach us, the simple training. There are different kinds of vests – one where the detonator is attached to a cord and is held the hand, and another that has five detonators on it. We had to wear them to battles. The principal purpose for this is not to let ourselves be kidnapped or arrested. It is very easy. I even taught my two brothers how to make a vest.”
Jihad i Syria har hatt en sterk appell. Innenriksminister Manuel Valls anslår at 700 har reist fra Frankrike. Før helgen hørte man om to 15-åringer som har reist fra Toulouse.
The possibility of French citizens returning from Syria as hardened jihadists was the “biggest threat that the country faces in the coming years,” Manuel Valls, the interior minister, said on Sunday.
France and Europe risk being “overwhelmed” by the phenomenon, he added. Mr Valls estimated that 700 French nationals have either travelled to Syria or returned to France – or are currently en route. Some 21 have been killed.
Shiraz Maher, a senior research fellow at the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation at King’s College London, estimated last week that up to 50 British fighters have already returned home.
Det som fikk Muran til å vende seg mot ISIS og til slutt hoppe av, var måten de behandlet andre muslimer på.
But Murad disagreed with some of the “emir’s” orders that they should fight fellow Syrian rebels and treat them as “kafrs” or “unbelievers”.
“They started killing people from other Islamic groups and calling the rebel Free Syrian Army ‘kafr’. But I knew some of the people who they called ‘kafr’, and I knew these were good men who had fought the regime honestly under Islam,” said Murad.
He said the commanders would say the military base they were attacking belonged to the Syrian regime, when in fact it was held by other rebels. The final straw, said Murad, came when ISIS killed one of his friends: “Sultan Shami from Damascus defected from the military one and half years ago,” he said. “He became a media activist, and was one of the most wanted by the regime because his work against them was so good. But ISIS kidnapped him and then, ten days later, I found him dead in the basement of an ISIS base”.
Late one night, he escaped across the border to Turkey. “What is happening in Syria is not jihad. ISIS is not protecting Muslims it is killing them,” he said. “I want to tell all the mujahideen not come to Syria. This is not jihad; you will find yourself killing other Muslims.”