Nytt

Folkeavtstemningen forteller om et dypt splittet Egypt. Religiøst, politisk og by mot land. Et betydelig flertall i Kairo stemte mot grunnloven. På landsbygda er et stort antall analfabeter. De stemte ja.

At bare rundt 30 % av de stemmeberettigede avga stemme i et stå viktig spørsmål som grunnlov, blir av mange ansett for ikke å gi demokratisk legitimitet og bærekraft.

Amr Hamzawy, a political scientist and liberal political leader, said the size of the vote against the constitution was a measure of the opposition’s growing clout. “We have a majority that isn’t big, and a minority that isn’t small. This means there is an evident division in society,” he said, adding, “We feel we’ve made a major achievement.”

About 64 percent of voters in the two-part referendum approved the new charter, Egyptian state media reported Sunday, citing preliminary results. About 57 percent voted yes in last weekend’s first phase, which included Cairo, where a sizable majority voted no. In the more rural precincts that voted on Saturday, more than 70 percent voted yes, outlining Egypt’s cultural divide.

The turnout in both rounds remained low, at just over 30 percent of eligible voters, according to the preliminary figures. A referendum on a plan for the transition after the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak drew about 41 percent of eligible voters.

The opposition leaders argued that violations of voting procedures had compromised the results, and they demanded that the election authorities rule on those allegations before issuing official results, which are expected Monday.

Det meldes at kristne ble hindret i å stemme eller skremt fra å stemme, men beretningene er vanskelig å få stadfestet,, langt mindre undersøkt.

Det skal nå avholdes valg innen to måneder. I mellomtiden har overhuset, Shura-rådet, den lovgivende makt. Det er fylt av islamister.

Den mer islamistiske karakteren til grunnloven symboliseres av paragraf 219:

Den sier at spørsmål om islam skal avgjøres ut fra sunni-islams fire teologiske skoler.

Although the new charter preserves an article from the old constitution declaring that the principles of Islamic law are a main source of legislation, it adds a new article, No. 219, which broadly defines those principles as the established schools of Sunni Muslim scholarship. Independent scholars have said that whether the new provisions make a difference will depend on who controls their application.

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/24/world/middleeast/as-egypt-constitution-passes-new-fights-lie-ahead.html?src=recg