Nytt

EU-kommisjonen la onsdag frem en 52 sider lang plan for fordyping av eurosonen til en økonomisk og monetær union, som vil munne ut i en politisk union.

Planen beskriver en skrittvis utvikling, som begynner med at det skapes en bankunion innen 18 måneder, at Brussel får veto over nasjonale budsjetter, at skattepolitikken samordnes og at det skapes en fordeling innen EU av mønster etter sosialdemokratiet: man utjevner mellom rike og mindre rike land.

Målet på lenger sikt er en politisk union. Realisert vil planen avskaffe nasjonalstaten i sin nåværende form. Begrepet nasjonal suverenitet vil være tømt for mening.

“As a final destination it would involve a political union with a central budget as its own fiscal capacity and a means of imposing budgetary and economic decisions on its members.”

Noting the “degree” of sovereignty member states would have to hand to Brussels, the paper suggests that the European Parliament “primarily” needs to ensure the democratic nature of the process.

Det er for å si det mildt et dristig grep. Men rimer for så vidt med Brussels reaksjon på krisen så langt: ikke tilbaketrekning, men fremrykning. EU-prosjektet kan bare overleve hvis samarbeidet fordypes. Det har man nå tatt konsekvensen av. Man spiller om hele innsatsen.

Planen er en blueprint for Europas Forente Stater, styrt fra Brussel.

 

The EU commission Wednesday published its vision for a «genuine» economic and monetary union (EMU) under which national budgets could be vetoed and a central European budget would allow transfers for troubled countries.

The process would require two rounds of treaty change – one within the next five years and another more profound exercise in the longer-term.

The 52-page blueprints emphasises the need for the eurozone to be able to «integrate quicker and deeper» than the rest of the EU, with the eurozone now largely seen as paying for being established as a political project without the fundamental economic and financial structures to back it up.

Ideas for the future include coordinating national tax and employment policies, eurobonds, and a eurozone budget managed by a treasury in the European Commission.

Eurosonen skal være forløper for en dypere integrasjon. De andre skal følge etter, sugd inn av gravitasjonskraften. Men vil det slå til? Det er lite trolig at Storbritannia blir med på ferden. Kan EU fordypes uten at Storbritannia er med? Og hva vil tyskerne si? Vil de gå med på å legge hele sitt overskudd i en felles pott?

Barrosos problem er demokratiet. Planen kan bare realiseres i flere omganger, og i mellomtiden skal det være valg i medlemslandene. Velgerne har mulighet til å kaste politikere som ønsker å avskaffe den nasjonale suvereniteten. Er det sannsynlig at man tiltror Brussel en slik makt i en krisetid? Har behandlingen av Hellas virket oppløftende?

 

The paper envisages progress in three steps.

Within the next 18 months, the EU should set up a banking union and establish a «convergence and competitiveness instrument» – money that member states would use to undertake structural reforms. Countries with a budget deficit breaking EU rules would be obliged to use the instrument.

Within five years, the «convergence instrument» would be built up into a separate eurozone budget that would be funded by own taxes in the eurozone.

This time frame would also see «further budgetary coordination (including the possibility to require amendments to national budgets or to veto them),» says the paper.

There should be short-term eurobonds – the pooling of euro states’ debt – and a redemption fund for states with large public debt. These steps would need a treaty change.

Other steps to consider would be giving «clear competence for the EU level to harmonise national budgetary laws and to have recourse to the Court of Justice in case of non-compliance.»

Final steps to full economic and monetary union would only be taken in the «longer term» and would require «major treaty reform» suggests the paper.

This would likely include a possibly large central budget with stabilisers – meaning money would be transferred to member states in trouble.

http://euobserver.com/economic/118358