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Recep Tayyip Erdogan og AKP fikk et overbevisende flertall for endringsforslagene til grunnloven. Men uroen over om AKP vil misbruke makten til å islamisere samfunnet er ikke blitt mindre.

NRKs Øystein Heggen og ekspertene Aftenposten intervjuet søndag – NUPIs Einar Wigen og PRIOs Pinar Tank var begge udelt positive. Det samme var Tor Arne Andreassen som skrev artikkelen.

Erdogan og AKP berømmes for å ha modernisert Tyrkia. Det er Thorbjørn Jaglands versjon, og det er den eneste som formidles i norske medier. At det hersker alvorlig bekymring over tiltagende ensretting og maktbrynde, blir skjøvet til side.

Grunnlovstilleggene var tiltrengt modernisering, men AKPs vilje til å bruke makt gjør opposisjonen betenkt.

The constitutional amendments include much that is widely supported, including improvements to individual rights such as privacy, gender equality and the right to strike. Also popular are amendments to submit military officers who commit crimes to civilian courts and to remove immunity from leaders of the 1980 coup that produced the current constitution.

But two changes have proved controversial. One expands membership in the Constitutional Court to 17 from 11, and a second expands the Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors to 22 members from seven. Turkey’s parliament, where the ruling Justice and Development Party, or AKP, enjoys a majority, and President Abdullah Gul, of the AKP, would play important roles in the appointments.

Det er utvidelsen av de to sentrale domstolene som vekker størst bekymring. Hvis AKP ønsker, kan de nå vinne kontroll over alle tre maktpilarer – presidenten, regjeringen, nasjonalforsamlingen og domstolene. Pressen forsøker partiet også å underlegge seg.

The changes to the two bodies worry many Turks concerned by what they see as signs that Mr. Erdogan and his party are interested less in democracy than in securing control over all the levers of power in order to crush opposition. They cite as evidence a series of mass trials against alleged coup plotters, and a massive tax fine against the nation’s biggest media group. On the campaign stump and in a letter sent to Brussels ahead of the vote, Kemal Kilicdaroglu, leader of the opposition Republican People’s Party warned against the creation of a «civilian dictatorship» in Turkey.

«We need judicial reform, but if implemented with ill will, these amendments could really damage the separation of powers in Turkey, and the separation of powers is key to any democracy,» said Sedat Ergin, a senior columnist with Hurriyet newspaper, Turkey’s establishment daily, who opposed the changes.

Mr. Ergin said the vote had confirmed the fault lines in Turkish society, with the country’s more secular coastal regions voting «No,» and conservative central Anatolia voting «Yes.» Ethnic Kurds, meanwhile, appeared to have mostly boycotted the vote.

«Forty-two percent is still a big chunk of society,» he added.

Hvorfor er store deler av den europeiske og amerikanske eliten så positiv til Erdogan?

Den europeiske eliten bygger på at det skal være mulig å forene demokrati og islam. Hvis heller ikke Tyrkia greier det, hva da?

Turks Pass Constitutional Changes