Nytt

President George Bush har gitt CIA fullmakt til å benytte ekstraordinære metoder i en krisesituasjon, som feks. å forhindre en terroraksjon. Det heter at fangen ikke må utsettes for behandling som en tredjeperson ville finne opprørende.

Den amerikanske hæren har vendt tilbake til full overholdelse av paragraf 3 i Genevekonvensjonen. Bush sendte ut et direktiv i fjor sommer som også forpliktet CIA på folkeretten. Men Bush har beholdt et unntak som gir CIA noe større handlingsrom i en nødsituasjon. Senator Ron Wyden skrev til Justisdepartementet og ba om en klargjøring.

While the Geneva Conventions prohibit «outrages upon personal dignity,» a letter sent by the Justice Department to Congress on March 5 makes clear that the administration has not drawn a precise line in deciding which interrogation methods would violate that standard and is reserving the right to make case-by-case judgments.

«The fact that an act is undertaken to prevent a threatened terrorist attack, rather than for the purpose of humiliation or abuse, would be relevant to a reasonable observer in measuring the outrageousness of the act,» said Brian Benczkowski, a deputy assistant attorney general, in the letter, which had not previously been made public.
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Some legal experts critical of the Justice Department interpretation said the department seemed to be arguing that the prospect of thwarting a terror attack could be used to justify interrogation methods that would otherwise be illegal.

«What they are saying is that if my intent is to defend the United States rather than to humiliate you, then I have not committed an offense,» said Scott Silliman, who teaches national security law at Duke University in North Carolina.

But a senior Justice Department official strongly challenged this interpretation on Friday, saying that the purpose of the interrogation would be just one among many factors weighed in determining whether a specific procedure could be used.


CIA has leeway on interrogation methods