President George W. Bush tillater at CIA kan anvende tøffe metoder overfor sine terrormistenkte. Men retningslinjene er generelle. Akkurat hvor grensen går, sies ikke.
Bush nøyer seg med å si at tortur er forbudt, særlig seksuelle overgrep. Men hvilke metoder som er tillatt, sies ikke. CIA har anvendt søvn-nekt, pålagte stress-posisjoner, vedvarende lys, høy lyd, kulde og varme for å dra informasjon ut av folk. Den mest kontroversielle metoden var «waterboarding», der fangen får følelsen av å drukne.
Officials would not provide any details on specific interrogation techniques that the CIA may use under the new order. In the past, its methods are believed to have included sleep deprivation and disorientation, exposing prisoners to uncomfortable cold or heat for long periods, stress positions and — most controversially — the simulated drowning technique known as waterboarding.
The Bush administration has portrayed the interrogation operation as one of one of its most successful tools in the war on terror, while opponents have said the agency’s techniques have left a black mark on the United States’ reputation around the world.
Bush’s order requires that CIA detainees «receive the basic necessities of life, including adequate food and water, shelter from the elements, necessary clothing, protection from extremes of heat and cold, and essential medical care.»
CIA-sjef Michael Haydon sier det dreier seg om et svært lite antall mennesker. CIA har hatt et 100-tall fanger og ca. halvparten har vært underkastet slike avhør. Haydon kom også inn på bakgrunnen. 911 og arrestasjonen av noen av hovedmennene. Det endret reglene og Haydon tror ikke amerikanerne hadde tilgitt myndighetene hvis de ikke hadde tøyd grensene.
n a message to CIA employees on Friday, Director Michael Hayden tried to stress the importance and narrow scope of the program. He noted that fewer than half of the less than 100 detainees have experienced the agency’s «enhanced interrogation measures.»
«Simply put, the information developed by our program has been irreplaceable,» he said. «If the CIA, with all its expertise in counterterrorism, had not stepped forward to hold and interrogate people like (senior al-Qaida operatives) Abu Zubaydah and Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the American people would be right to ask why.»
For decades, the United States had two paths for questioning suspects: the U.S. justice system and the military’s Army Field Manual.
However, after the 9/11 attacks, the Bush administration decided more needed to be done. With Zubaydah’s capture in 2002, the CIA program was quietly created.
Since then, 97 terror suspects are believed to have been held by the agency at locations around the world, often referred to as «black sites.»
The program sparked international controversy as details slowly emerged, with human rights groups saying the agency’s work was a violation of international law, including the Third Geneva Convention’s Common Article 3 protections, which set a baseline standard for the treatment of prisoners of war.