Kommentar

Apokalyptiske undertoner. «Endgame in Iraq» kaller Thomas L. Friedman sitt første brev fra Irak, der han sier at folkeavstemningen om grunnloven 15. oktober og valg på ny nasjonalforsamling tre måneder senere, er siste sjanse for Irak. Hvis folk ikke griper den, kan det tenkes at USA kutter fortøyningene, i stedet for å bli trukket ned i dypet.

Friedmans tanker er ikke så ulike Peter Galbraiths. Kurderne oppnår det de vil, selvstyre, og kan komme til å erklære seg uavhengig hvis noen skulle prøve å rokke ved det. Det samme har shiaene kommet frem til. Shiaene i sør vil være selvstyrte.

So now we know what kind of majority the Kurds and Shiites want to be, the question is what kind of minority the Iraqi Sunnis want to be. Do they want to be the Palestinians and spend the next 100 years trying to mobilize the Arab-Muslim world to reverse history and restore their «right» to rule Iraq as a minority – a move that would destroy them and Iraq?

USA forsøkte å komme sunniene til hjelp i arbeidet med grunnloven, men sunniene forlenget bare kravlisten.

Friedman er brutal: Hvis sunniene ikke tar til vettet, bør USA væpne shiaene og kurderne og trekke seg ut og la sunniene høste hva de har sådd.

Det er helt sikkert: det amerikanske folk akter ikke å se på at deres gutter ofres for interne stammefeider.

Men striden mellom shiaer og sunnier i Irak dreier seg om noe mer. Bak sunniene i Irak står hele den sunniarabiske verden. Det er ikke bare sunniene i Irak som er ufølsomme for andres lidelser. Det gjelder hele den sunniarabiske verden. Det er der problemet ligger.

Do the Iraqi Sunnis understand their own interests, and does the Sunni world have any moral center? Up to now the Sunni Arab world has stood mute while the Sunni Baathists and jihadists in Iraq have engaged in what can only be called «ethnic cleansing»: murdering Shiite civilians in large numbers purely because they are Shiites in hopes of restoring a Sunni-dominated order in Iraq that is un-restorable. A fatwa has just been issued against a female Indian tennis player who is Muslim, condemning her for her short skirts, but no fatwa has been issued by Sunni clerics condemning Zarqawi’s butchering of Iraqi Shiite children and teachers.

Some courageous Sunnis have begun to speak out. «One of the most bizarre phenomena of recent times has been the refusal of Arab governments to condemn terrorist acts in Iraq or to commiserate with the victims,» Abdul Rahman al-Rashed wrote in the Saudi daily Asharq Al Awsat. He added, «Take the most recent atrocities in which more than 200 Iraqis lost their lives in two days of carnage: no Arab government raised its voice in condemnation, although most of them shrilly objected when the new Iraqi constitution failed to mention that the country was part of the Arab nation. The official Arab position vis-à-vis Iraq has always been spineless.»

The Endgame in Iraq (abonnement)

By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN