Nytt

EU-kommisjonen legger frem forslag til et eget forsvarsbudsjett for EU i håp om at unionen vil få sin egen militærstruktur. Men beløpene er latterlig lave.

The European Commission has offered to put aside €1.5 billion a year for joint defence spending in what could be the first step toward the creation of an EU army.

It said in Brussels on Wednesday (7 June) the EU should spend €500 million a year of its joint budget from 2020 onward on R&D of new military technologies, such as robotics or cyber defence.

It said it should spend a further €1 billion a year on joint procurement of high-technology items such as surveillance drones.

De mest EU-ivrige ser på dette som et viktig prinsipielt skritt.

Frankrike har hele tiden drømt om å gjøre Europa uavhengig av USA:

The EU plan was immediately welcomed by France.

Its armed forces minister, Sylvie Goulard, said on Wednesday the proposed EU defence fund was “a turning point for a better sharing of costs, but also for defence capabilities”.

She added that it would give “political impetus” to the EU’s ambition to become “sovereign” in terms of of its technological and strategic capabilities.

Men det er uklart hva planen går ut på. Det sies at styrkene skal ligge hos medlemslandene. Samtidig snakkes det om dannelsen av en EU-hær. Sannsynligvis menes det med «EU-hær» at nasjonale styrker skal innordnes en EU-kommando som står under politisk ledelse fra Brussel.

Jens Stoltenberg sier han er positiv til alt som styrker europeisk forsvar. Men Federica Mogherini nevnte en egen europeisk musketered, parallelt med NATOs. Men hva om USA vil noe som EU-landene er uenig i?

Federica Mogherini, the EU foreign affairs chief, said on Monday that EU states which are also Nato allies would still rely on Nato for territorial defence.

But she said they could also rely on EU help if they were attacked on the back of Article 42.7 of the EU treaty, which stipulates that other EU states had “an obligation of aid and assistance by all the means in their power”.

Ting tyder på at kommisjonen ser for seg en utvikling hvor EU sentralt rår over en egen hær.

The Commission and the EU foreign service added in a “reflection paper” also on Wednesday that the fund could in future form part of the bloc’s “common defence and security”.

They said that member states’ defence forces could one day “be pre-positioned and be made permanently available for rapid deployment on behalf of the Union”.

These joint forces, or what eurosceptics have called an «EU army», would launch “operations against terrorist groups, naval operations in hostile environments or cyber-defence action”.

En tysk parlamentariker sier en egen hær er et must. Like viktig som euroen. Forsvar er dyrt. Det kan forplikte EU-landene på et felles budsjett, slik Emmanuel Macron har gått inn for. Hvis man vil et føderalt Europa er forsvar et must.

Manfred Weber, a German MEP who chairs the centre-right EPP group, the largest in parliament, said on Wednesday: “This is, after the euro, the second major development for Europe. I believe that common defence is … a must”.

https://euobserver.com/foreign/138147