FN og flere organisasjoner som Amnesty og Leger uten Grenser mener avtalen som Tyrkia og EU i prinsippet inngikk mandag strider mot grunnleggende menneskerettigheter.
«I am deeply concerned about any arrangement that would involve the blanket return of anyone from one country to another without spelling out the refugee protection safeguards under international law,» U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi told the European Parliament in Strasbourg.
He was speaking hours after the 28 EU leaders sketched an accord with Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu in Brussels that would grant Ankara more money to keep refugees in Turkey, faster visa-free travel for Turks and a speeding up of Ankara’s long-stalled membership talks.
Rights group Amnesty International called the proposed mass return of migrants a «death blow to the right to seek asylum». Relief charity Doctors without Borders said it was cynical and inhumane.
Avtalen legger opp til at forholdene for migrantene skal bli så gode i Tyrkia at de ikke har lyst til å dra til Europa, i det minste ikke sjøveien. Men ingen vet om ordningen vil virke slik, og ingen vet om Tyrkia er til å stole på. Avtalen er en gamble.
Det er også et forhandlingskort for de vesteuropeiske landene som ønsker å presse frem byrdefordeling innad i EU.
Under the tentative deal, the EU would admit one refugee directly from Turkey for each Syrian it took back from the Greek Aegean islands, and those who attempted the perilous sea route would be returned and go to the back of the queue.
The aim is to persuade Syrians and others that they have better prospects if they stay in Turkey, with increased EU funding for housing, schools and subsistence.
EU officials questioned how the one-for-one scheme would work in practice, with several EU countries objecting to any quota system for resettling refugees.
Balkan-ruten er stengt, forkynte man etter møtet i Brussel mandag. Allerede spekuleres det i andre svake punkt i Schengens yttergrense. De baltiske landene styrker grensekontrollen.
Migration experts said refugees would probably try other routes if Turkey’s closure worked. Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania have begun tightening identity controls and erecting fences on their eastern borders, fearing the Baltic region will become a new entry point for migrants.