Anti Demation League, ADL, har gjort en stor global undersøkelse av antisemittisme. Den er nedslående for Midtøsten og Nordafrikas del. Alle de ti landene hvor antisemittisme er mest utbredt, finnes her. Og de er muslimske.
Den vestlige eliten er besatt av å bekjempe rasisme. Men slike ubehagelige funn får liten oppmerksomhet. At antisemittismen står så sterkt i den muslimske verden er en alvorlig påminnelse om at toleransen ikke gjelder alle.
Tausheten kan også bunne i at venstresiden får en påminnelse om at anti-israelismen den har dyrket i mange år, nå får et mørkere ekko fra nye landsmenn. Hvor vil «solidariteten» ta fagbevegelsen, Arbeiderpartiet og venstresiden generelt?
Ifølge undersøkelsen svarer 15 % av de spurte i Norge på en måte som bekrefter fordommer mot jøder.
Det mest oppsiktsvekkende er den store forskjellen mellom kjønnene: 21 % av mennene har antisemittisme fordommer, men bare 9 % av kvinnene.
Det er grunn til å tro at undersøkelsen ikke er korrekt når den oppgir at det er dobbelt så mange antisemitter i Danmark som Sverige: 9 mot 4 %.
Tallene for de første ti landene er deprimerende lesning. Hvis den vestlige eliten tok kampen mot rasisme på alvor, ville den gå i tenkeboksen.
Bildet: Studenter fra Birzeit-universitetet utenfor Ramallah demonstrer støtte til Hamas 6. mai 2014.
1. West Bank and Gaza: The Palestinian territories were found to be the most staggeringly anti-Semitic in the world with a 93% overall index score. Among specific age groups, 92% of those between the ages of 18-49 were shown to have anti-Jewish views, and the figure jumped to 98% among those 50 and older.
2. Iraq: Trailing closely behind, Iraq reached an index score of 92%. While 10 of the questions on the 11-question survey measuring negative stereotypes were answered affirmatively by over 70% of respondents, only a third (33%) believed “Jews still talk too much about what happened to them in the Holocaust.
3. Yemen: With an index score of 88%, anti-Semitism was shown to be at its lowest — although still remarkably strong — among participants over the age of 50 (79%), as compared to those between the ages of 35-49 (92%), and those between 18-34 (89%). The statement with the largest consensus was “People hate Jews because of the way Jews behave,” with a 90% approval rate. Like Iraq, the statement least supported on the survey was the one about Jews talking about the Holocaust, with 16% of those interviewed agreeing with it.
4. Algeria: At 87%, Algeria tied for fourth place with Libya. Algeria showed a larger gender gap in opinion than the previous countries listed, with 92% of males, and 82% of females harboring anti-Jewish beliefs.
4. Libya: With an 87% index score, the two negative views of the Jews most espoused were the attribution of anti-Semitism to Jewish behavior, and that Jews pledged greater loyalty to Israel than their home countries, at 86% respectively. In 2011, Libyan Jew David Gerbi returned from exile in Italy and was met with protests when he tried to restore a synagogue in Tripoli.
6. Tunisia: At 86%, the Tunisians were more concerned with Jewish international “control,” than previous countries. 85% believed “Jews have too much control over global affairs,” and “Jews have too much power in the business world,” respectively, while 83% said that “Jews have too much power in international financial markets.” Earlier in May, a synagogue in Sfax was ransacked for a third time.
7. Kuwait: With a general score of 82%, the Kuwait results saw the gender gap enlarged even further, with 77% of females as compared to 85% of males endorsing the negative ethnic stereotypes.
8. Bahrain: The general score in Bahrain was 81%, however, the younger respondents until the age of 34 showed significantly lower levels of racism (77%) than their older peers (86%). Despite the anti-Semitism, the country’s ambassador to the US from 2008 to 2013 was Houda Nonoo, a member of the country’s tiny Jewish community.
8. Jordan: The negative stereotype most highly rated in Jordan, with a general score of 81%, was “People hate Jews because of the way Jews behave” at 84%. Despite signing a peace treaty with Israel in 1994, many in the country still oppose normalization with the Jewish state.
10. Morocco/Qatar/UAE: With an overall score of 80%, Morocco, Qatar, and UAE took tenth place. The older Moroccans were shown to be less racist than their younger counterparts (75% of those over 50, 79% of 35-49-year-olds, 84% of 18-34-year olds). Qatar, UAE tied in their scores on the following statements: “People hate Jews because of the way Jews behave” (82%); “Jews have too much control over the global media” (70%); Jews have too much control over global affairs (73%) and “Jews have too much power in international financial markets” (71%).