EU-kommisjonens nye notat om at EU ikke vil støtte aktiviteter eller virksomheter på de okkuperte områdene til Israel, er ikke så radikale som først antatt, viser teksten som the Tablet har fått tak i.

Det er for det første ikke snakk om et direktiv, som er bindende for alle medlemsland, det er snakk om et notat fra kommisjonen, som gjelder EU sentralt og ikke de ulike medlemsland. De kan handle og deale med både institusjoner og virksomheter på de okkuperte områdene, akkurat som før.

 

They do not bind EU member states in their bilateral relationships with Israel.

The new regulations only apply to the institutions of the European Union itself. They do not restrict its member states in their bilateral ties with Israel, whether economic, cultural or diplomatic. “Member states don’t have to abide by this,” the EU diplomat explained. “It applies to EU-funded programs, and to EU programs as such. It doesn’t apply to national programs. So concretely, if France wants to fund the Ariel college, it can do it, and it’s not violating any European law.” In EU parlance, this is what is known as a “commission notice” or “soft law,” as opposed to a “directive,” which has to be translated into national law by all EU members. (Haaretz erroneously used the language of “binding directive” in its original report, fueling much consternation and mistaken reporting in and out of Israel.) As for the EU’s own funding: European officials estimate that less than 1 percent of it currently goes to “settlement entities,” far from a substantial loss.

Notatet er heller ikke bindene for israelske institusjoner. De kan ligge hvor det måtte være.

The regulations do not apply to Israeli governmental institutions, regardless of their location.

The new rules explicitly exempt all Israeli national authorities, like ministries and government agencies, even if they are based in the Occupied Territories. For example, “the Israeli Authority for Antiquities, which is based in East Jerusalem, are not affected by this commission notice,” said the EU diplomat.

Notatet berører heller ikke handel, og da kan man virkelig spørre hva som blir igjen. Det er dermed ikke i nærheten av de krav som Boycott, Disinvestment and Sanctions, -oppropet stiller.

The guidelines do not affect trade.

In addition to not impacting Israel’s bilateral relationships with EU members, the new guidelines do not address trade, i.e. products originating in the settlements. The rules are a far cry from the platform of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement, which seeks an end to all commerce and other contact with Israel in toto, and don’t even approach the West Bank boycott advocated by some liberal Zionists like Peter Beinart. Rather, in their own words, the guidelines only prohibit “EU support in the form of grants, prizes or financial instruments” from being given to companies or organizations with activities in the West Bank, East Jerusalem or the Golan Heights. (Individuals living in those areas, however, are exempt.)

The regulations may affect the language of future EU-Israel trade agreementsagain, not bilateral ones with EU members–though how this would play out in practice is unclear, and Israel has already signed accords with the EU in the past that explicitly excluded the settlements for certain purposes.

 

Hva blir da igjen? Ikke stort. En form for windowdressing, for å bringe EUs linje oppdatert og i tråd med gjeldende politikk. Og grunnen til denne oppdatering skal være at EU følger seksårsperioder for sine budsjett, og en ny periode begynner i 2014. Det er da denne oppdatering skal tre i kraft.

http://www.tabletmag.com/scroll/138125/the-eus-not-quite-settlement-boycott?utm_source=tabletmagazinelist&utm_campaign=93104e3f48-Wednesday_July_17_20137_17_2013&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_c308bf8edb-93104e3f48-206894997