Nytt

Forholdet mellom Tyrkia og Israel er blitt anstrengt. Det skyldes ikke bare en rekke diplomatiske incidenter. Statsminister Tayyip Recep Erdogan bruker antisemittisme som et politisk instrument, både innad og for å vinne innflytelse i den muslimske verden, skriver det israelske utenriksdepartment i en rapport.

Tyrkia og Israel innledet på 90-tallet et strategisk samarbeid, særlig militært og sikkerhetspolitisk. Forholdet har nå kjølnet betraktelig. Visestatsminister Danny Ayalon pådro seg tyrkisk vrede da han behandlet den tyrkiske ambassadøren på en ydmykende måte. Regjeringen måtte be om unnskyldning. Men den bakenforliggende årsak var reell nok: tyrkisk tv sender en serie som fremstiller israelske soldater som lystmordere.

Også den tyrkiske regjering bidro til å roe ned situasjonen, men ønsker ikke brudd med Israel. Men det er ingen tvil om at Tyrkia har endret holdning til Israel, heter det i rapporten.

But most of the report focuses on Erdogan, which it considers the main source of the current friction. «In our estimate, ever since his party took power, Erdogan has conducted an ongoing process of … fashioning a negative view of Israel in Turkish public opinion,» via endless talk of Palestinian suffering, repeatedly accusing Israel of war crimes and even «anti-Semitic expressions and incitement,» it read.

Though in international forums Erdogan always stresses that anti-Semitism is «a crime against humanity,» the report continued, in reality, he «indirectly incites and encourages» anti-Semitism in Turkey. «For Erdogan and some of those around him,» it explained, «there is no distinction between ‘Israeli’ and ‘Jewish,’ and therefore, [their] anti-Israel fervor and criticism become anti-Jewish.»

One result, the report said, is articles in the Turkish press questioning whether Turkish Jews are loyal to their country – something that could endanger Turkey’s Jewish community.

In some cases, it added, Erdogan simply does not understand the anti-Semitic nature of his remarks – such as «Jews are good with money,» which «he sees as a compliment.»

Another way in which Erdogan encourages anti-Semitism is the backing he has given to radical Islamist newspapers, the report said. As an example, it cited the paper Vakit – which was originally also published in Germany, but was shut down there due to its anti-Semitic content. Vakit journalists, the report noted, are often invited to accompany Erdogan in his presidential plane on state visits overseas, and Turkish President Abdullah Gul called Vakit «the first paper he reads every morning.»

Erdogan also «grants legitimacy» or «turns a blind eye» to anti-Israeli television programs «of an inflammatory, anti-Semitic nature,» such as «Valley of the Wolves» – the series that prompted Ayalon’s rebuke of the ambassador. The claim that this is just freedom of the press at work, the report said, is belied not only by the fact that such programs are approved by the Turkish censor, but by reports from Turkish journalists who say this freedom has been sharply curtailed in recent months: they say that «editorial policy is dictated by government bodies, journalists’ phones and offices have been wiretapped, pressure has been applied to owners of mainstream media outlets, and there is tight supervision of Internet sites.»

Antisemittisme gir en pekepinn om islamiseringen i Tyrkia. Sensur og meningspress mot journalister og redaksjoner bør i høyeste grad interessere europeisk offentlighet.

Mest interessant er rapportens analyse av hvordan antisemittisme blir brukt som et politisk våpen.

«For Erdogan, Israel-bashing is a way of bolstering his status with Islamic and Middle Eastern states, which Turkey would like to lead, and against the Turkish opposition, as well as with his own party’s target audience and nationalist elements of the Turkish public,» the report argued. Moreover, its cost is low.

The report rejected the Turkish claim that Erdogan is merely responding to Turkish public opinion, saying that in reality, Turkey’s government is leading public opinion, not following it.

«Turkey today, under the leadership of the AKP [Erdogan’s party], is different from the Turkey with which Israel forged a strategic relationship in the early 1990s,» it concluded gloomily.

Antisemittisme er en politisk valuta, som kan «trykkes» ved å øke utbredelse og intensitet. I dagens klima vinner man økt innflytelse og oppslutning. Det er akkurat samme funksjonalistiske bruk av antisemittismen som nazistenes.

Tyrkia har også en folkemorderisk fortid; nasjonen ble grunnlagt på et folkemord. Når AKP-partiet rører ved slike strenger, leker de med ilden.

Israel accuses Turkish PM of inciting anti-Semitism

Tyrkisk stats-TV viser IDF som kaldblodige mordere

Haaretz-journalisten tar feil: Det var ikke Valley of the Wolves som serien het. Det er en spillefilm, selv om også den er sterkt antiamerikansk og antisemittisk. Det ble en av Tyrkias største kassasuksesser og Erdogan og frue overvar premieren og var full av lovord.