Nytt

En studie viser at rundt halvparten av amerikanske soldater ikke vil rapportere en medsoldat som dreper eller sårer en sakesløs sivilist. Ca 40 prosent godtar tortur under visse betingelser.

Det er fjerde studie av hvordan krigen tærer på soldatene i Irak. – Det er et resultat av stress-situasjoner, de må hele tiden avveie hvor mye makt for å beskytte seg, mot for lite som går ut over dem selv, sier en ekspert.

Det er lange og gjentatte tjenesteturer som tærer på nervene. Pentagon utvidet nylig perioden fra 12 til 15 måneder. Det betyr større belastninger.

In a survey of U.S. troops in combat in Iraq, less than half of Marines and a little more than half of Army soldiers said they would report a member of their unit for killing or wounding an innocent civilian.

More than 40 percent support the idea of torture in some cases, and 10 percent reported personally abusing Iraqi civilians, the
Pentagon said Friday in what it called its first ethics study of troops at the war front. Units exposed to the most combat were chosen for the study, officials said.

«It is disappointing,» said analyst John Pike of the Globalsecurity.org think tank. «But anybody who is surprised by it doesn’t understand war. … This is about combat stress.»

Det finnese også andre bemerkelsesverdige tall. Antall selvmord blant soldatene er lavere i 2006. Moralen blant soldatene har holdt seg. De gjør jobben, hvor utsatt de enn er.

Findings included:

_Sixty-two percent of soldiers and 66 percent of Marines said that they knew someone seriously injured or killed, or that a member of their team had become a casualty.

_The 2006 adjusted rate of suicides per 100,000 soldiers was 17.3 soldiers, lower than the 19.9 rate reported in 2005.

_Only 47 percent of the soldiers and 38 percent of Marines said noncombatants should be treated with dignity and respect.

_About a third of troops said they had insulted or cursed at civilians in their presence.

_About 10 percent of soldiers and Marines reported mistreating civilians or damaging property when it was not necessary. Mistreatment includes hitting or kicking a civilian.

_Forty-four percent of Marines and 41 percent of soldiers said torture should be allowed to save the life of a soldier or Marine.

_Thirty-nine percent of Marines and 36 percent of soldiers said torture should be allowed to gather important information from insurgents.

Lt. Col. Scott Fazekas, a Marine Corps spokesman, said officials were looking closely at the ethics results, taken from a questionnaire survey of 1,320 soldiers and 447 Marines.


Lapses found in battlefield ethics study