EU la fredag frem en resolusjon for IAEA som sier at Iran har brutt så mange ganger med ikkesprednings-avtalens regelverk at saken må sendes over til Sikkerhetsrådet. Iran reagerte med raseri, og truer med å gjenoppta anrikingen av uran.
Tyskland, Frankrike og Storbritannia står bak resolusjonsforslaget, som skal opp til behandling i styret for IAEA lørdag.
EU har moderert forslaget ved ikke å tidfeste når Iran skal klages inn for Sikkerhetsrådet. Det sikrer forhandlingsrom. Et vedtak kan derfor være et mektig våpen i hendene på de som vil presse Iran til å oppgi anrikingen.
The resolution said Iran’s «many failures and breaches» of its nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Safeguards Agreement «constitute non-compliance» with the pact.
It added there was an «absence of confidence» that Iran’s atomic programme was exclusively peaceful and this gave rise to questions «within the competence of the Security Council».
In Washington, the U.S. State Department was confident a vote calling for referral would get through the board and said the U.N. body needed to send a clear message to Iran.
«We believe that at this board of governors meeting, there needs to be an effective response to that (Iran’s) defiance and that failure to abide by their international obligations,» said State Department spokesman Sean McCormack.
«If a vote were to be taken today, we think there are the votes, a majority of votes for a referral to the Security Council,» he told a regular briefing.
The EU drive, led by France, Britain and Germany, has won support from around 20 or 21 countries out of 35 on the board to send Iran to the Council. But five days of backroom talks with Russia, China, South Africa, India and others opposed to the move failed to break the deadlock, diplomats said.
«Consensus is impossible. That’s clear,» a diplomat said. A simple majority is enough to pass a resolution.(reuters)