Vi hadde en historie her i lokalavisen nylig. Den øst-europeiske bruden ble observert hånd i hånd med den virkelige kjæresten på parkeringsplassen utenfor rådhuset rett etter vielsen med en illegal innvandrer som hadde blitt igjen etter at visumet hadde gått ut. Ingen av dem bodde i byen, de var tilreisende fra Manchester. Russel Group-universitetene som det vises til i artikkelen, består av de 24 beste universitetene i UK.
De fleste utenlandsstudentene fra Asia og Afrika er ikke studenter ved disse universitetene, men ved små, private utdannelsesinstitusjoner. Innvandringen via studenvisa er stor og problemet med falske skoler (addressen er for eksempel en leilighet over en liten butikk) ble belyst for mange år siden. Her i en artikkel fra 2009.
I TV-dokumentarprogrammet UK Border har vi sett innvandrere blitt intervjuet ved ankomst. De vet ikke engang navnet på skolen de påstår at de skal studere ved.
Nedenunder er grafen fra UK Border Agency fra 2011 hvor den høye andelen av innvandring via studenvisa vises tydelig.
Fra den offentlige parlamentariske rapporten:
«The number of international students has increased greatly over the last few years—in the year up to September 2006, some 230,355 people came here to study, in the same period in 2010, that had increased to 355,386. An increase of 125,031, this is equivalent to a 54% increase in the number of student visas issued. In the same period, the number of those applying for work and family visas has dropped leaving study as the main cause of immigration, as shown by the table below.»
Videre fra rapporten avdekkes byråkratiet og ignoransen:
43. The answers to our questions on students and bogus colleges, along with areas of concern highlighted by the Committee can be found in the attached evidence. One of the reasons giving for reforming the study route «to ensure that those who enter on a student visa genuinely come here to study.» We asked for information on how many visas had been refused based on fraudulent evidence—we were informed that out of the 16,605 refused applications in April-July 2011, 2,359 were refused on the basis of fraudulent evidence. We also asked how many students who had broken the terms of their visa had had their leave curtailed or been deported. The UK Border Agency did not have the statistics to answer the question.
44. In the previous Parliament, our predecessor Committee published a report which examined ‘bogus colleges’—colleges which are set up to sponsor people who come to the UK for purposes other than genuine study. We asked a number of questions and we wanted to highlight several answers along with our response below:
a) How many ‘bogus colleges’ have been closed or removed from the register in that period;
The UK Border Agency does not recognise the term «bogus college» and in any event has no powers to close a college.
We are dismayed that the Agency do not appear to recognise the term given the amount of press coverage ‘bogus colleges’ have received. It is especially concerning given that our predecessor Committee held an inquiry entitled ‘Bogus colleges' at which the then Minister for Immigration gave evidence. The current Minister for Immigration also referred to ‘bogus colleges’ when he gave evidence to us as part of our inquiry on student visas.
b) How many sponsors have been fined for misuse of their licence in that period; and how many sponsors have been prosecuted for misuse of their licence in that period;
The UK Border Agency does not have a power to fine or prosecute a sponsor for the misuse of its licence.
Instead we are informed that Sponsors may have their licence downgraded restricting their ability to sponsor new non-EEA students. Re-ratings are based on compliance issues which were not considered serious enough to warrant suspension or revocation of the licence.» They confirmed that the Agency had suspended 76 licences and revoked 11 licences. We are surprised by this statement as in evidence to our previous inquiries on ‘bogus colleges’ the Home Office stated that individuals who «facilitate the commission of a breach of immigration law by a non-EU citizen» can be prosecuted under the Immigration Act 1971.
45. We cannot understand why the UK Border Agency is unable to tell us how many students had their leave curtailed or were deported for breaking the terms of their visa. We are surprised that the Agency is unaware of the term ‘bogus college’ as it has been used by Ministers and this Committee. We are also shocked if the worst punishment a sponsor who misuses their licence faces is the revocation of their licence, although previous evidence seems to contradict this statement. We would ask the Agency to confirm this is the case and clarify this point. On previous occasions we have come across anecdotal evidence that the Agency is not always clear, fair and consistent in its dealing with colleges, and while we support efforts to deal with wrongdoers and institutions that fall below the required standard, we are satisfied that most colleges provide an important educational service and contribute to their local economy. It is therefore important that the Agency understands the need to maintain a proper balance and is helpful to genuine educational institutions.
I mange år har det blitt jobbet intest med å avdekke de såkalte «bogus colleges».