Den første reaksjonen fra Det hvite hus på enigheten mellom Fatah og Hamas er negativ: USA vil ikke anerkjenne en samlingsregjering hvor Hamas er med, uten at Hamas oppfyller de grunnleggende krav, nei til vold, anerkjennelse av Israel og inngåtte avtaler.
Minst like interessant er det faktum at avtalen kom helt overraskende på USA. Amerikanerne kjente ikke til egypternes mekling.
“As we have said before, the United States supports Palestinian reconciliation on terms which promote the cause of peace,” Tommy Vietor, a spokesman for the National Security Council, said in the administration’s only public response. “Hamas, however, is a terrorist organization which targets civilians.”
He added that any Palestinian government had to accept certain principles announced by international negotiators known as the Quartet: the United Nations, the European Union, the United States and Russia. They include renouncing violence, abiding by past agreements with the Israelis and recognizing Israel’s right to exist. Hamas has never agreed to those conditions.
Hillary Clinton slo fast de samme prinsipper da hun tiltrådte som utenriksminister:
“We will not deal with, nor in any way fund, a Palestinian government that includes Hamas unless and until Hamas has renounced violence, recognized Israel and agreed to follow the previous obligations of the Palestinian Authority,” she told Congress then.
USA har siden 2005 brukt milliardbeløp på å trene og utstyre palestinske sikkerhetsstyrker. Man trakk seg ut fra en lignende avtale om støtte til den libanesiske hæren da Hizbollahs tentakler ble for tydelige. Nå kan det samme skje med støtten til palestinerne. Det er allerede kongressrepresentanter som krever stans i støtten.
Since 2005, under President George W. Bush, the United States has spent $542 million to train the Palestinian Authority’s National Security Force, provide it nonlethal equipment and refurbish its camps and buildings. That included $150 million in the current fiscal year. That training, while viewed with suspicion by some of Israel’s supporters, has been credited with improving the professionalism of the forces and security more broadly.
Similar military aid given to Lebanon since 2006 was blocked by Congress after suspicions that parts of the Lebanese Army had allied with members of Hezbollah, also designated a terrorist group.