Nytt

Pakistan sliter ikke bare med hjemmavlede ekstremister. Det skaper også nye i Baluchistan, provinsen som dekker en tredel av landet. En nasjonalistbevegelse forfølges med så harde metoder at rekrutteringen øker tilsvarende. En retning går inn for væpnet kamp. Baluchistan har potensial til å sprenge Pakistan.

Som om ikke Pakistan har problemer nok? Men et diktatur eller kvasidiktatur kjenner ikke andre metoder enn vold og undertrykkelse.

The nationalist opposition stems from what it sees as the forcible annexation of Baluchistan by Pakistan 62 years ago at Pakistan’s creation. But much of the popular resentment stems from years of economic and political marginalization, something President Zardari promised to remedy but has done little to actually address.

In interviews, people in and around Turbat said the Pakistani military and intelligence agencies were still doggedly pursuing nationalist sympathizers.

Det er en klassisk felle: økonomisk og politiksk neglisjering fører til at det oppstår en nasjonalistbevegelse. Den får myndighetenes oppmerksomhet, og de slår ned med hard hånd.

I Baluchistan ble frontene skjerpet 8. april da tre kjente lokale ledere ble hentet av menn med våpen, og kjørt bort. Fem dager senere ble de funnet drept. Folk i området er ikke i tvil om hvem som sto bak: sikkerhetsfolk. De kjenner dem på «lukten».

the three political figures who were killed: Gul Muhammad, Lala Munir and Sher Muhammad, all prominent in the nationalist movement.

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Mir Kachkol Ali, the men’s lawyer, who witnessed their abduction, said the killings represented a deepening of the campaign by the Pakistani military to crush the Baluch nationalist movement. «Their tactics are not only to torture and detain, but to eliminate,» he said.
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«the killing of these three has centralized the national movement of Baluchistan,» Mr. Ali, the lawyer, said.

He and others said they had no doubt that the intelligence services were responsible.

The three men were in his office on April 3 when a half-dozen armed men seized them, he said.

«They were persons of the agencies,» Mr. Ali said. «They were in plain clothes, but from their hairstyles, their language, we know them.» Mr. Ali has lodged a case with the police against the intelligence agencies for the abduction and murder of the three.

Nisar Ahmed, a shopkeeper and friend of the political leaders, said he saw them pushed into a pickup truck. He also said that the armed men appeared to be intelligence agents and that they were escorted by a second vehicle with 10 more armed men, also in plain clothes, who looked to be from the Frontier Corps paramilitary force.

Nå nekter selv skoleelever å synge nasjonalsangen, og de vil heller ikke hilse det pakistanske flagget, men heiser det baluchiske.

Selv kvinnene, som tradisjonelt holder seg skjult, deltar nå i demonstrasjoner mot regjeringen i islamabad.

Baluch nationalists and some Pakistani politicians say the Baluch conflict holds the potential to break the country apart — Baluchistan makes up a third of Pakistan’s territory — unless the government urgently deals with years of pent up grievances and stays the hand of the military and security services.

Another Insurgency Gains in Pakistan