Interlude

Tildelingen av årets Fredspris var en «wooden», offisiell tildeling. Etablerte politikere trenger ikke anerkjennelsen. Det gjør folk som risikerer noe. Slik sette er den Alternative Nobelprisen – The Right Livelihood Award mer i tråd med det moderne samfunn. (Norge skryter av at Fredsprisen henger høyest, og vil gjerne være humanitær supermakt, men tildelingen blir hyllet når den er som kjedeligst).

Årets vinner er sveitsiske Monika Hauser (49), grunnlegger av organisasjonen medica mondiale, som arbeider for seksuelt misbrukte kvinner i krig og konflikter. Det er imponerende å lese om hva én person kan få til, hvis den faglige dyktigheten og pågangsmotet er stort nok.

Monika Hauser was born in 1959 in Switzerland, and holds an Italian passport due to her family roots in South Tyrol. She completed her doctorate in medicine in Innsbruck and Bologna in 1984, obtained her German medical licence in 1988 and completed her gynaecological specialisation in 1998. She came to work with victims of sexual violence after being exposed as a young doctor in South Tyrol and Germany to women who had experienced rape and other forms of sexual violence.

Bosnia – Building up Medica Zenica

At the end of 1992, Hauser was shocked by the media reports about the tragedy of the Bosnian women, and the instrumentalisation of the survivors in the media, which often reduced the women to mere «rape victims». She assembled a highly motivated team of 20 Bosnian experts, collected the funding needed, brought the complete material for the clinics to Central Bosnia through the frontlines and built up Medica Zenica, a women’s therapy centre, in the middle of war-torn Bosnia.

Setting up Medica Zenica, Hauser insisted on a multi-ethnic team. The creation of such a centre in a war situation was pioneering work, even more remarkable in a highly patriarchal and hostile war context.

medica mondiale

Out of these activities medica mondiale gradually evolved. For the next six years Monika Hauser continued to further the development of medica mondiale. She also returned to Zenica for several extended stays. In 1999, she initiated the project medica mondiale Kosova, involving numerous project visits to Albania and Kosovo. In 2000 Monika Hauser assumed the professional and political management of medica mondiale.

Opprettelsen av et senter for kvinner i Zenica midt under krigen, er en imponerende bedrift. Idag har medica mondiale prosjekter i en rekke land. Budsjettet er på bara 3 millioner euro – og halvparten kommer fra private donorer. Hvorfor står ikke Norge på førsteplass som bidragsyter til en så viktig organisasjon?

medica mondiale has independent projects in Bosnia and Hercegovina (27 staff), Kosovo (25 staff) and Albania (12 staff), and own projects in Afghanistan (72 staff) and Liberia (17 staff). It supports partner organisations in Cambodia, DR Congo (6 co-operative partners), East Timor, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Turkey, Uganda and Israel, supported by an office in Cologne, Germany, with 29 staff, plus a similar number of volunteers and 100 women in action groups in several German cities.

medica mondiale estimates to have – directly and indirectly – reached around 100,000 women and girls through their projects. Half of medica mondiale’s 2007 budget of 3 million Euros came from private donations. Organisational sources of funds in 2007 included the Sigrid Rausing Trust, KfW Development Bank, UNHCHR, which regards medica mondiale as ‘an essential partner’ in relation to women and conflict, the European Community, the Danish Embassy in Afghanistan, and the German Government.

The Right Livelihood Award