Sakset/Fra hofta

Jiihadister har begynt å forlate Irak. De drar enten hjem eller til Pakistan/Afghanistan. Mange drar til Maghreb-landene. Algerie og Marokko har allerede problemer, skriver Amir Taheri. Derfra er det ikke langt til Europa.

According to the buzz in jihadist circles, confirmed by officials and analysts, a new arc of terror is taking shape in Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania – the five countries of the so-called Arab Maghreb in North Africa.

I Algerie forbereder man seg på en ny runde mot terrorister.

By all accounts, Algeria may be facing a new round of the War against Terror as it faces mounting political and economic problems. In the first phase of the war, Algerian jihadists never used suicide tactics. In recent months they have carried out at least four such operations, indicating total adoption of al-Qaeda tactics. They have also tried to kill President Bouteflika on at least four occasions. The latest plot was uncovered last week, 24 hours before a provincial visit.

Last month the President invited Ahmed Ouyahya, the architect of Algeria’s victory against the terrorists, to assume the premiership again. His return acknowledges that the policy of cuddling the Islamists, preached by the former Premier, Abdulaziz Belkhadem, has failed.

Marokko er et land Norge har en viss kontakt med, gjennom innvandring og turisme. Men det står ikke noe i reisebilagene om islamiseringen av Marokko, som har gått for å være blant de mest moderate landene. Man ser utviklingen bare ved å gå gjennom gatene: mennenes skjegg og kvinnenes klær.

Visitors returning after three or four years would be struck by changes in the urban scenery. The number of al-Qaeda-style beards has grown along with the number of neo-hijab headscarves designed to identify women as partisans of jihad. Women in jeans or mini-skirts have all but disappeared from public, along with all females who favoured the colourful dress of the Berber. One sees countless women draped in black that remind one of Hitchcock’s The Birds. Jihadist propaganda is sold on the streets in stalls provided by the municipal authorities.

Fewer and fewer places serve alcohol, and parts of the main cities are becoming no-go areas for foreign tourists. Over the past year, almost 1,000 people have been arrested in connection with terrorism after attacks that claimed at least 60 lives.

Few of the jihadists come from the poor and illiterate slum-dwelling masses. Most of those arrested are graduates, often from well-to-do middle-class families.

More disturbing is that dozens were army, police and security officers. According to a senior official, the jihadists used the Army to obtain military training and the Government had to abolish the conscription system that obliged all male Moroccans to join the Army for two years. The Government has also banned military personnel from attending mosque congregations.

Islamistene i Marokko arbeider gjennom en stiftelse, Rettferd og Godhet, som er tilknyttet Det muslimske brorskap.

Partiet Rettferd og Utvikling, PJD, henter inspirasjon fra tyrkiske AKP, og forsøker seg på en moderat profil, men kong Mohammad VI er bekymret og ønsket å forby partiet i fjor. USA fikk overtalt ham til å la være.

Al-Qaeda’s sinister creep into North Africa