Europeiske etterrertningsorganisasjoner er blitt bekymret for at rekrutteringen av kvinner til jihadistmiljøer er økende. Kvinner deltar i logistikk, økonomi og propaganda. I Irak er de i stigende grad benyttet som selvmordsbombere, og europeisk politi er redd det samme kan skje her.
Europeiske etterretningsorganisasjoner har satt i gang et større prosjekt for å kartlegge fenomenet.
‘This phenomenon has not been really taken into account yet and we need to explore and understand it,’ said one diplomatic official connected with the probe. ‘It is a new strategy by al-Qaeda.’
‘Time and again we have seen al-Qaeda trying tactics in one place and, if they work, trying them again elsewhere,’ said the French source.
Måten kvinner rekrutteres på Irak, er ytterst brutal: Militante gifter seg med kvinner, og lar dem voldtas. Skammen og nedverdigelsen gjør at de lett kan overtales til å bli selvmordsbombere.
Women bombers have now become relatively common in Iraq because they can more easily penetrate much-tightened security measures. They elicit less suspicion, can disguise explosives under their clothes, and male soldiers are unwilling to search them.
In Iraq, US intelligence officers say that militants are marrying women then allowing them to be raped in the knowledge that the subsequent dishonour and rejection will make them easier to groom as bombers. The officers have also noted a strong incidence of women who have had relatives, civilians or militants, killed in the fighting turning to violence.
De militante spiller på kvinners avhengighetsstiling i muslimske land. De forsøker å rekruttere en far eller bror først, og så følger kvinnene etter. De er dyktige i support-funksjoner.
According to the source, militants ‘seek to recruit women with a brother, father or son already with the extremist groups’. Experts say this may be because, in traditional Islamic societies, women without close male relatives are exposed to economic and social problems that make them more vulnerable to recruitment.
In Algeria, according to security sources, the ‘al-Qaeda in the Maghreb group’ now use women in bombing campaigns. ‘Women are largely responsible for support material: medicine, food, clothes,’ said one. ‘But some have more major roles. Last year we dismantled a logistical network run by a woman.’
Kvinner er de perfekte agenter i innvandrermiljøer. De kan bevege seg mer fritt, som feks. mødre, eller sammen med andre er de ikke like påfallende. Også i Europa nyter muslimske kvinner en viss priviligert posisjon. Det skal mye til for at de blir kroppsvisitert. Det er noe av den samme dynamikken som Al Qaida utnytter i Irak: Kvinner passerer lettere.
European security officials told The Observer that services were monitoring dozens of women involved in logistics or propaganda. There are also fears of women bombers being sent from overseas, particularly north Africa.
‘This is now of a much greater scale than we have ever seen before. The problem is knowing who is just fundraising or running websites, who is recruiting and who is a potential bomber,’ said one French intelligence specialist. ‘Then how do you pick up someone coming in from outside the EU? That’s hard to do.’