Kommentar

Blair-regjeringen har foreslått en rekke nye lover til bekjempelse av terror. Politiet skal få anledning til å holde mistenkte i varetekt inntil tre måneder. Mest kritikk får trolig lovforslagene som griper inn i ytringsfriheten.

Det skal bli forbudt å selge litteratur som forherliger eller oppfordrer til terror. Det skal også bli straffbart å forherlige tidligere terrorhandlinger som går 20 år tilbake. Regjeringen skal sette opp en liste over voldshandlinger som utgjør et unntak. Påskeopprøret i Dublin i 1916 og den franske revolusjon er nevnt. Dette vil garantert bli latterliggjort av motstanderne.

Other proposals in the draft Bill include making it an offence for publishers and bookshops to print or sell terrorist publications or material encouraging or inciting terrorism.
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The plan to create a new offence of glorifying terrorism willl apply to terrorist acts in the past 20 years. It will not be a crime to glorify any events more than 20 years ago except those on a list drawn up by the Home Secretary.

A Home Office spokeswoman said: «Some examples which have been put forward of events which might not qualify for inclusion in the list are the 1916 Easter Uprising in Dublin or the French Revolution.»

The proposed new offence will ignite a debate centred on one person’s freedom fighter being another’s terrorist.

Shami Chakrabarti, director of Liberty, said: «Glorification is so broad that the Home Secretary will take powers to determine which historical figures were terrorists and which freedom fighters.»

Forbud mot å delta på treningsleire for terror, og støtte til terrorforberedelser, er neppe like omstridt. Men det er trolig kriteriene for å forby en organisasjon. Alt som griper inn i personlige rettigheter, vil møte kritikk.

It will be a crime to attend terror training camps and a new crime of acts preparatory to terrorism is to be created to help to convict those on the fringes of terror acts. The criteria for banning organisations is to be widened so that the Home Office can meet the Prime Minister’s call for Hizb-ut-Tahrir and al-Muhajiroun to be proscribed. New criteria will include any organisation glorifying or celebrating terrorism.

En tidligere statssekretær i Foreign Office, Denis McShane, røper at departementene ikke har vist handlekraft etter 911. Regjeringen har ikke trukket samlet, og innsatsen har vært så som så, kan han fortelle. McShane gikk av i mai. Statsrådene har vært mer opptatt av ikke å støte muslimene, enn å foreta seg noe, sier han.

Denis MacShane, who was in the post until May, has described how his attempts to push for a more hardline approach were rebuffed because of concerns that Muslims would be offended. Only after the recent London attacks have ministers, Muslim groups and officials «engaged in a higher gear».

«There wasn’t that sense of grip, of pulling together of departments,» said MacShane, who was directly involved in Britain’s policy response to the September 11 attacks. «Whitehall only moves if it is told in no uncertain terms, principally by the PM, ‘This is my priority, it is your priority’. You need very strong engagement by Downing Street.»

He added: «My generation of Labour MPs don’t want to indulge in anything that smacks of Muslim typecasting or hostility. And as we tried very hard not to be like Norman Tebbit or the more ugly tabloids, it’s fair to say we failed to work out an adequate political response to Islamist politics in the UK.»

Clarke blunder reveals doubt over three-month detention

Ministers dithered on Islamist crackdown

Her er forslagene, som kommer opp for parlamentet til høsten.

Terrorist suspects to be held by police for up to three months without charge. Permission to continue detention to be given by district judge weekly

Glorifying, exalting celebrating any terrorist act in last 20 years to carry maximum five-year jail term. Publishing, distributing or selling literature encouraging terrorism is to carry maximum seven-year term

Encouraging terrorism to carry seven-year jail term

New offence of act preparatory to terrorism to include assisting others to carry out an attack. Maximum life imprisonment

Offering terror training or attending a training camp in UK or abroad to be a crime. Maximum ten years in jail

Organisations can be banned if they glorify, exalt or celebrate acts of terror