Nytt

Ifølge en afghansk tjenestemann skal IS-krigere ha tatt til fange og halshogget ti Taliban-soldater.

On Wednesday, a military spokesman for the Afghan Army corps responsible for the region said that Islamic State fighters had captured and beheaded 10 Taliban who had been fleeing an offensive by the Afghan military. The account of the beheadings, however, has not been confirmed by any other local Nangarhar officials.

Det som er sikkert er at IS i visse provinser har utfordret Talibans kontroll med et visst hell.

Throughout the month, fighters claiming allegiance to the Islamic State’s caliph had been attacking veteran Taliban units south and east of Jalalabad, the provincial capital. In one district, Islamic State loyalists have replaced the Taliban as the dominant insurgent power, and elsewhere they have begun making inroads in Taliban territory, one tribal elder, Mohammad Siddiq Mohmand, said in an interview.

Dette er en overraskende ny vending på krigen. Det er ikke mange måneder siden mediene først meldte at det var sett IS-flagg i Afghanistan. Nå utfordrer de allerede Taliban.

More is at stake than just which militant Sunni faction controls remote villages. Should the Islamic State make larger inroads within Taliban-controlled territory, it could fundamentally change the insurgency.

Mest urovekkende for Taliban er at flertallet av IS-krigere er avhoppere fra Taliban.

IS’ inntreden kan endre krigens karakter. Taliban har spilt på flere hester og utad vært villig til å forhandle. Det gjør ikke IS. Der er det intet å hente.

Still, for the Taliban, the new Islamic State offshoots clearly present the worry of larger-scale defections.

Although some of the Islamic State units are said to be bolstered by foreign fighters — in the north, for example, bands of fighters allied with the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan have declared allegiance to the Islamic State — most are said to be led by former Taliban. Some had been thrown out over ideological differences or for insubordination.

IS har vært mest suksessrike i Nangarhar-provinsen i øst. I vest mot grensen til Iran har de lidd nederlag.

Hovedforskjellen på Taliban og IS er at Taliban er nasjonal, mens IS er universell. Men man må huske at det var Taliban som ga asyl til al-Qaida og nektet å utlevere Osama bin Laden etter 9/11. Bordet fanger. Mange i Taliban har sympati for kampen IS fører, og suksess er den sterkeste overbevisningsfaktoren.

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/05/world/asia/afghanistan-taliban-face-insurgent-threat-from-isis.html

 

 

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