Several churches in northern Nigeria were bombed December 25, in what has been described as «Nigeria’s blackest Christmas ever.» The attacks, perpetrated by the Muslim militant group Boko Haram, killed at least 39 people, «the majority dying on the steps of a Catholic church [in Madalla near the capital of Abuja] after celebrating Christmas Mass as blood pooled in dust from a massive explosion.» Charred bodies and dismembered limbs lay scattered around the destroyed church.