Nytt

Høyrepartiet Fidesz vant suverent første runde av parlamentsvalget i Ungarn med 52 prosent og kan få totredels flertall hvis de gjør det like godt i andre omgang. Størst oppmerksomhet får høyreekstreme Jobbik, som fikk 16,7 prosent, bare tre prosent bak sosialistpartiet.

Jobbik er klart høyreekstremt. Det er mot jøder, mot USA og mot sigøynere. Partiets leder Gabor Vona stiftet militsen Magyar Garda, hvis uniformer er forbudt. Likevel har Vona lovet at han skal bære den forbudte uniformen første gang han skal i parlamentet for å avlegge eden.

Det sier litt om innstillingen. Man forsøker ikke å skjule sin ekstremisme, men er stolt av den.

Et annet eksempel:

A recent copy of the party’s weekly newspaper showed a statue of Saint Gellert, a Hungarian national, holding a menorah, a ceremonial Jewish candelabrum, instead of the cross. The picture’s caption said: «Is this what you want?».

Å flagge antisemittisme så åpenlyst i Europa gjør Jobbik spesiell.

Det sees i sammenheng med en allmen høyredreining i Europa som også ytre høyre profiterer på. BNPs fremgang ved Europa-valget, og Nasjonal Fronts ved regionalvalget i Frankrike er del av samme tendens.

Men det blir feil å gruppere det sammen med Geert Wilders Frihetsparti, slik Telegraph gjør.

Wilders er pro-Israel og pro-USA. Det er den store dividing line mellom ekstremhøyre og det legitime høyre.

Fidesz, Hungary’s centre-Right party, won 52.77 per cent of the vote, based on 99 per cent of votes counted, in a blow to the Socialist government.
Jobbik, a far-Right party, gained entry into parliament for the first time after winning 16.71 per cent of votes, behind the ruling Socialists who took 19.29 per cent.

Last month, French regional elections, dominated by debates over immigration, saw electoral revival for the National Front. In June, Dutch elections could propel Geert Wilders, whose anti-Islamic, hard-right Freedom Party leads the polls, into power.
Amid rising unemployment, Hungary was the first European Union country to turn to the International Monetary Fund for an £18 billion bailout last year.
Jobbik has risen by using Hungary’s deep economic crisis to revive traditional Hungarian scape-goating of Jewish and gypsy, or Roma, communities for joblessness and poverty.

It has close links with the Magyar Garda, or Hungarian Guard, a banned paramilitary group with insignia modelled on the Arrow Cross of Hungary’s wartime Nazis.

Gabor Vona, Jobbik’s 31-year old leader, has vowed to be sworn in as an MP wearing the banned uniform. «I will keep my promise to go into parliament on the first day in a Garda vest,» he said.

The Guards, founded by Mr Vona, have polarised Hungary by staging a series of marches against «gypsy crime» through small countryside towns and villages with large Roma communities. An unprecedented series of Roma killings in 2008 and 2009 claimed six lives in several villages.

Styled as the «Movement for a better Hungary», Jobbik has campaigned to drop free-market IMF reforms and to revive the gendarmerie to police the country’s gypsy minority. Hungary’s Csendorség, or gendarmes, were disbanded for its role in deporting 500,000 Hungarian Jews to their deaths in Nazi concentration camps.
«Jobbik is the only party which can put the country in order,» Tamas Vardai , a university student said outside a Budapest polling station.

The Association of Hungarian Jewish Religious Communities, without directly naming Jobbik, has pleaded with voter to turn against anti-Semitic candidates.
Turnout was slightly lower than expected, at 64.29 percent, down three points from the first round of general elections in 2006.
The election results will not be final until a second round to be held on April 25.

Hungary elections: first step to power for far-Right since Nazi era