Nytt

Talsmenn for sunni-grupperingen Islamsk hær i Irak, beklager at Al Qaida i Irak har gått til angrep på dem og drept mange av deres menn. Mange sunni-opprørere er nå fed up av de utenlandske jihadistene som gjør som de vil.

Al Qaida har dannet noe de kaller Den islamske stat Irak, og driver så og si statsbygging fra grunnnen av: både når det gjelder moral, sed og skikk og hva som er den rette lære. Her følges devisen: den som ikke er for meg er mot meg. Det er flere sunni-grupper lei av.

An Iraqi militant group has highlighted the split in the ranks of the Iraqi insurgency by having its spokesman give a television interview in which he accuses al-Qaida and its umbrella organization of killing its members and pursuing the wrong policies.

«The gap has widened and the injustices committed by some brothers in al-Qaida have increased,» Ibrahim al-Shimmari told Al-Jazeera television in an interview broadcast Wednesday and repeated Thursday.

He took the division further in the TV interview, putting his name to the charges and giving specifics in answer to questions. He accused al-Qaida of killing 30 members of the Islamic Army, and said the Islamic State of Iraq’s claim to constitute a state was both inaccurate and incorrect policy.

«We don’t recognize (the Islamic State of Iraq). It is void. There is no state under crusader occupation. There is resistance,» al-Shimmari said.

Den islamske stat Irak er Al Qaidas betegnelse på den islamske staten de mener de allerede har grunnlagt, om enn ikke fullført.

Igjen er det takfir-ideologien som slår ut: Al Qaida og følgesvenner mener de har rett til å definere hvem som er muslimer, og de som ikke oppfyller kravene kan drepes.

He said the Islamic Army used to be very close to al-Qaida in Iraq, but the two groups had increasingly diverged since al-Qaida leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi was killed in a U.S. airstrike last June.

«They killed 30 members of the Islamic Army,» he said of al-Qaida.

He attacked Abu Omar al-Baghdadi, the leader of the Islamic State of Iraq, accusing him of violating Islamic law as well as sanctioning the «assassination» of fighters and forcing others to surrender their weapons to the umbrella group.

Et interessant poeng er at Islamsk hær i Irak mener Iran utgjør en mye større trussel mot Irak enn USA. USA forfølger interesser. Iran vil gjerne underlegge seg Irak.

He was more critical of Iranian influence in Iraq than American, apparently out of opposition to the growing power of Iraq’s Shiite majority, a trend that Shiite-dominant
Iran supports.

«Our goal is to free Iraq from the American and Iranian occupation. There is a bigger Iranian occupation than the American one,» he said. «The United States does not claim that Iraq is part of America. It came for its own interests, and that includes its imperialist project … But Iran regards Iraq as a part of itself.»

Washington Post har mer stoff om frustrasjonen blant sunni-opprørere. De har funnet ut at jihadistene ikke tjener Iraks interesser, men deres egne. Det er nok særlig den systematiske drepingen av shiaer, selv i moskeer, og forsøket på å fyre opp under borgerkrigen, som vekker reaksjoner. Hele landet risikerer å ende i anarki og kaos. Hvem tjener på det?

Insurgent leaders, in interviews in person or by telephone, offered different explanations for their split. Many said their link to the al-Qaeda groups was tainting their image as a nationalist resistance force. Others said they no longer wanted to be tools of the foreign fighters who lead al-Qaeda. Their war, they insist, is against only the U.S. forces, to pressure them to depart Iraq.

«We do not want to kill the Sunni people nor displace the innocent Shia, and what the al-Qaeda organization is doing is contradictory to Islam,» said Abu Marwan, a religious leader of the Mujaheddin Army in Baqubah, northeast of Baghdad. «We will strike whoever violates the boundaries of God, whether al-Qaeda or the Americans.»

..
«Al-Qaeda has killed more Iraqi Sunnis in Anbar province during the past month than the soldiers of the American occupation have killed within three months. People are tired of the torture,» said Abu Mohammad al-Salmani, an Islamic Army commander, who said the group had written the letter to bin Laden. «We cannot keep silent anymore.

I det ni sidre langge brevet til bin Laden trekkes den nye teknikken med klorbomber frem som spesielt destruktiv. Det samme gjaldt bombene mot shiaer, som bare kan gå ut over sunnier, i gjengjeldelse.

The letter accuses the al-Qaeda group of «killing innocent people with gases like chlorine,» referring to recent chlorine bomb attacks in Baghdad and Anbar. It acknowledged that its leaders were killed because «they expressed their willingness to negotiate with the Americans for their exit from Iraq.» In some areas, it said, the al-Qaeda fighters were imposing «Taliban-like» Islamic codes, referring to edicts by the strict former rulers of Afghanistan. By opening a front against the Shiites, the letter said, «the only losers will be the Sunnis who have nothing to do with al-Qaeda.»

Det er verdt å merke seg at sunni-ledere sier at det er Al Qaida som er skyld i at amerikanerne har invadert Afghanistan og Irak.

Khalid Awad, a commander of the Jamiat Brigades, another insurgent group in Anbar, said: «We must confess that if it was not for al-Qaeda, neither Iraq nor Afghanistan would have been occupied. For al-Qaeda has awakened the American ogre against the Islamic nation after the September 11th events, and it is still causing disasters.»

For omlag tre måneder siden begynte Al Qaida å kidnappe sunni-ledere, militære, religiøse og akademikere. Noen dukket opp gjen som lik.

Parallell

Det er lett å se en parallell til utviklingen i Waziristan, grenseprovinsen i Pakistan, hvor jihadister og Taliban holder til. Her kunne de utvikle seg fritt, men de ble for selvbevisste og arrogante. De siste månedene har det vært kamper med titalls døde.

Svaret på brevet til bin Laden har vært flere drepte.

But the pressure from al-Qaeda fighters is growing. They have posted statements in mosques and on the Web warning that they will target any Sunni group that defies them. On March 27, they allegedly killed the nephew of Harith al-Dari, the most prominent Sunni cleric in Iraq. The nephew was a senior leader in the 1920 Revolution Brigades, police officials said.

On Monday, gunmen killed an Islamic Army leader south of Samarra, said Capt. Zuhair al-Badri in Samarra. The previous night, two other fighters were killed. Islamic Army leaders immediately blamed al-Qaeda, saying the attack was in retaliation for the letter to bin Laden.

Problemet er at sunni-gruppene i opposisjon ti jihadistene ikke greier å forenes. De vokter sine «turfs» og vil ikke innordne seg. Mange ser med skepsis på regjeringen og vil heller forhandle direkte med amerikanerne. Kravene går ofte langt utenfor det realistiske.

«If they do not unite, they will be weakened,» Mutlaq said. «Then al-Qaeda will manage to make their Islamic state in Iraq, and it will be a sad day for the country and the world.»

Group notes split among Iraq insurgents

Sunni Factions Split With Al-Qaeda Group
Rift Further Blurs Battle Lines in Iraq

By Sudarsan Raghavan