Ingen lover må stride mot de ubestridte dogmene innen islam, samtidig som ingen lov må stride mot demokratiske rettigheter, slår Iraks grunnlovsforslag fast.
Spørsmålet om kvinners rettigheter vil være noe av en prøvesten. Det heter at kvinner kan velge om de vil la en skilsmisse avgjøres av en sekulær domstol eller en sharia-domstol.
En av dem som mener kvinner kommer dårlig ut er diplomaten Peter Galbraith, som fungerer som rådgiver for kurderne.
Opponents have charged that the latter provision would subject Iraqis to rule by religious edicts of individual clerics or sects.
The opponents also said women would lose gains they made during Hussein’s rule, when they were guaranteed equal rights under civil law in matters including marriage, divorce and inheritance. The draft constitution says individuals can choose to have family matters decided by either religious or civil law.
Supporters say a separate bill of rights would protect women, and provisions of the constitution say no law can contradict democracy or that bill of rights.
Khalilzad, speaking to CNN early Tuesday, called the proposed constitution a «very good» draft that guarantees equal rights for all. An American serving as adviser to the Kurds, Peter Galbraith, disagreed that the charter protected women’s rights and condemned what he called the Bush administration’s «hypocrisy» on that issue in the constitution.
The Islamic law provisions would not apply in the Kurdish north, negotiators said.
Kurdish negotiators this week criticized Khalilzad, a Muslim who helped draft a constitution last year as U.S. envoy to his native Afghanistan, for allegedly supporting the Shiite push for a heavy emphasis on religion in Iraq’s new charter.
Det er verdt å merke seg at de islamske forskriftene ikke vil gjelde i kurdiske områder.