Pakistan er et samfunn på randen. 70 prosent av befolkningen er under 30 år. En firedel under 15 år. På mange måter eksporterer Pakistan sin destabiliserende situasjon til andre deler av verden.
Jason Burke rapporterer derfra, og det han skriver er foruroligende. Det finnes to hovedtyper islam; en avslappet variant, som flertallet tilhører, kalt Barelvi, men som ikke er politisk:
Two miles outside Islamabad, in a small village under wooded hills, is the shrine of Bari Imam, a local saint. If anything is a symbol of religious tolerance, this is. On the portal to the tombs are engraved slogans for both Sunni and Shia Muslims. Outside, women light incense sticks and tie tinsel to a tree. Zaid Ahmed, 25, a shop worker from the city, had cycled to the shrine to ask for help with a family problem.
‘The bombings in London are very bad,’ he said. ‘We believe in the brotherhood of man and that Islam does not allow the killing of innocents.’ Men alongside him nod in agreement.
The worshippers at Bari Imam, whose rites would be considered anathema by more orthodox Muslims, represent Pakistan’s silent majority: the two-thirds of the country who belong to the Barelvi school of Islam. There are hundreds of shrines like this throughout Pakistan but, as they are not political, few outside the country recognise their dominance.
På den andre siden Deobandi-islam, som har fått navnet etter et lærested i India. Denne er strengt ortodoks, og anser Taliban for å være rettroende. Alle de 15.000 madrassaene i Pakistan er deobandi. Av dem er en minoritet jihadist-forkynnere. Burke møtte en slik leder:
Javed Ibrahim Parachar is a tribal leader, cleric and principal of three madrassas where 500 poor children are taught for free. A heavy set man with a large beard and shaven head, Parachar, a lawyer, has represented hundreds of suspected al-Qaeda militants. He says the Taliban in Afghanistan were the ‘best of all Muslims’.
‘The bombing in Bari Imam was a very good action,’ he told The Observer at his many-roomed home in the town of Kohat. ‘So was 9/11 and so were the London bombs. They are killing our wives, our children, our Muslim brothers. Is there any law for Falluja, Kabul, Chechnya, Palestine and Kashmir? It is all because of the Jews. They control the American and British governments through the economy.’
Parachar said the crackdown on madrassas ‘will be unsuccessful. How can they control our minds and our ideas?’ he said, before embarking on another anti-semitic diatribe.
Nyheter fra London/Leeds og vår egen andedam tilsier at vi begynner å interessere oss mer for hva som foregår i Pakistan. Europas unge sinte muslimer får påfyll og inspirasjon fra ekstreme patriarker i Pakistan.