Sakset/Fra hofta

Christopher Havard som ble drept av en drone i Jemen november 2013.

Fremstillingen av New Zealand og Christchurch minner om Norge etter 22. juli: For omverdenen er dette land man forbinder med idyll. Men de som bor der vet at det under overflaten rører seg andre ting.

Hvis man vil forstå må man være villig til å konfronteres med virkeligheten. Den er blant annet at Noor-moskeen har vært arnested for radikalisering.

Avisen Stuff.co.nz har en artikkel fra 2014, lang og grundig, som forteller om to brødre som konverterte til islam og ble radikalisert. I Noor-moskeen. De møtte senere en tredje konvertitt i Australia. Og to av dem ble pulverisert av en Hellfire-missil i Jemen i 2103, herav gravejournalistikken inn i deres og familiens liv.

De to guttene, Daryl og Nathan, kom fra et solid kristent hjem. Det er over ti år siden de konverterte. Det skjedde altså ting i en søvnig by som Christchurch allerede den gang, slik det også gjorde i Norge for ti år siden. Men ikke alle er like interessert i at det kommer frem, eller klarer å forholde seg til det:

Det vakte oppsikt da to kjekke gutter valgte å konvertere fra kristendom til islam.

Suddenly Daryl and his younger brother Nathan, who grew up in a strong Christian house, were sporting beards, learning Arabic and wearing flowing robes. Carloads of Muslims, including immigrant women in veils, would turn up at the family’s home in a smart east Christchurch suburb, neighbours tut-tutting and muttering about terrorists.

Det er litt Homeland over denne scenen.

When Daryl was in his early 20s and still flirting with Islam, he surprised the family of a Christian friend he was visiting when he suddenly declared he had to go to the far end of the house to pray towards Mecca. «We thought it was weird,» said the friend’s mother.

Faren var politimann og moren arbeidet innen utdanningssektoren.

All of this upset the boys’ parents – the father a former Australian police officer doing security for a government organisation, the mother employed by a Christchurch tertiary institution.

Daryl tok skrittet fullt ut først etter at han flyttet til Sydney i 2008, mens Nathan gjorde det hjemme. Moskeen deres var Noor.

Daryl, 30 when he died, moved to Sydney around 2008 and converted to Islam soon after arriving. Nathan, still in Christchurch, converted soon after with the help of Saudi Arabian students he was friendly with.

Foreldrene visste ikke sin arme råd. De så sønnene forandre seg og bli helt andre personer.

«The parents desperately wanted both the boys to leave Islam. They had seen their sons change dramatically in appearance – it’s scary for parents when that happens,» a source said.

Daryl søkte seg til en moské i Sydney som var kjent for radikalisering og han kom på myndighetenes overvåkningsliste. Han giftet seg med en somalisk kvinne. I 2009 dro de til Jemen hvor Daryl ville arbeide som lærer. Men han ble arrestert fordi han ikke hadde godkjenning. Kona satt igjen med ansvar for parets fire barn.

Tiden går og Daryls foreldre tar ansvaret for svigerdatter og barna og henter dem til Christchurch, der de fortsatt bor.

I 2011 kom Christchurch i verdensnyhetene da det inntraff et kraftig jordskjelv.

Guttenes konvertering og radikalisering hadde satt ekteskapet til foreldrene under et stort press. De hadde søkt hjelp hos en kirke og hatt et møte med Nathan, som høflig avslo «hjelp».

Foreldrene ble skilt og fru Jones flyttet inn i en campingpark, hvor det var tydelig at hun mentalt ikke hadde det bra. Hun hadde et opprivende oppgjør med sin svigerdatter.

Da hun i 2014 fikk bekreftet at Daryl var død, brøt hun helt sammen.

Daryl Anthony Jones var født i 1983 i Australia. Da han var seks-syv år flyttet de til New Zealand, morens hjemland.

Skjebnen hadde overraskelser i vente.

«Nathan seemed a good kid too,» said a source. «I think the two boys would have been fairly easily led. I think they were just influenced by the wrong people.»

Daryl and Nathan attended Aranui High School and were involved in Christian youth groups, but became disillusioned and didn’t fit in. Sensitive and deep thinkers, they believed there was hypocrisy in the church.

«They felt that what was being taught about love and acceptance was not being practised,» a source said. «Daryl was looking for a belief system that worked for him. Muslim friends offered brotherhood if he converted to Islam.» One issue for Daryl was the Christian doctrine of the Holy Trinity. «Daryl accepted the [Islamic] view of one absolute God,» the source said.

Hva er det som får barn med kristen bakgrunn og oppdragelse til å konvertere? Det de ble tilbudt var ikke nok til å fylle deres liv. De var på utkikk etter noe sterkere.

Problemet radikalisering

Omgivelsene hadde ikke merket noe på Brenton Tarrant, hvor han befant seg mentalt, hans tanker.

Heller ikke venner av Daryl forsto hva som foregikk med ham, eller kunne tenke seg at han ville bli jihadist. Han hadde en venn som het Kevin Fish fra Papaua.

They argued on occasion about religion, but Fish never sensed that his friend would join a terrorist group. «He didn’t seem like the kind of guy that would lay a finger on anyone.»

Fish said he heard Jones had moved to an Arab country where he was studying the Koran «or something like that.

«I heard through an old friend that he’d been missing for a while and then we saw the thing about a New Zealander being killed in a drone strike. «It just clicked – ‘oh, it was him’.»

Denne symmetrien – at man ikke merker noe – enten det er jihadister eller hvite hevnere – bør oppta flere. Men det er ubehagelig.

Tredjemann

Australieren Christopher Havard ble drept i Jemen sammen med Daryl. Også han konverterte i Noor-moskeen. Noe må det ha vært der.

Jones was killed alongside Australian Christopher Havard, whose parents said he was introduced to radical Islam at the Al-Noor mosque in Christchurch.

Mosque leaders confirmed Havard stayed there and studied in 2011, but denied radical teaching took place. But a man who attended a converts’ weekend at the mosque 10 years ago said a visiting speaker from Indonesia talked about violent jihad and plenty shared his views. «Most of the men were angry with the moral weakness of New Zealand. I would say they were radical.»

En nabo av Daryl sier når han var så dum å dra til Jemen måtte han ta det som kom.

In Christchurch, the ex-judicial death of Jones elicits little sympathy from some. «If he was stupid enough to go [to Yemen],» one former neighbour spat, «then he deserves it.»

Havard og Daryl befant seg i en kolonne med Al Qaida på Den arabiske-halvøy-folk, da dronene slo til. Han ligger begravet et sted i ørkenen.

Nathan bor fortsatt i Christchurch og driver et salafistisk senter for islam-nysgjerrige. De hevder at de tar avstand fra vold.

On Friday afternoons, Muslim converts gather at a drop-in centre in suburban Christchurch to chat and teach anyone who’s interested about Islam.

They have taken names like Abu Hamzah and Abdul Hakeem. One has kept his old name – Nathan Jones. He is the younger brother of Daryl Jones, also known as Muslim bin John, killed by an American drone last year. Nathan Jones and his friends set up the centre to promote Salafism, a sect which follows strict Islam as practised in Mohammed’s time. Some Salafi followers in Western countries espouse jihad but Jones and his friends denounce violence. Flyers in the window proclaim that «terrorists kill Muslims and non-Muslims indiscriminately».

Jones, married to an Iraqi woman, declined to comment about his brother or his religious beliefs but his friends said Daryl had followed a «deviant» ideology. «Orthodox Islam does not teach us to kill innocent people and to blow up trains and strap bombs to ourselves,» said Abu Hamzah. «[Daryl] was following . . . an extremist ideology in the ways of [Osama] bin Laden and we never agreed with that ideology. We speak against it.»

Man kan jo lure på hvorfor de velger å ta navn etter kjente jihadister, som Abu Hamzah. Når de legger seg så tett opp til den ytterliggående varianten, er det da ikke en fare for at noen vil tippe over?

A Kiwi lad’s death by drone

Kjøp «Den islamske fascismen» av Hamed Abdel-Samad fra Document Forlag her.