Nytt

Obama-administrasjonen godtar at Det muslimske Brorskap blir del av en ny egyptisk regjering, hvis de avsverger vold og godtar demokratiske prinsipper.

Pressetalsmann Robert Gibbs bekreftet denne nye politikken sist mandag.

En slik omlegging vil være prinsipiell og uten sidestykke. USA har til nå kjempet med nebb og klør mot at islamistene skulle få en hånd på rattet. Det kan få store følger for politikken i andre Midtøsten-land som USA samarbeider med. I Jordan feks. presser Den islamske handlingsfronten på staten.

The Obama administration said for the first time that it supports a role for groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood, a banned Islamist organization, in a reformed Egyptian government.

The organization must reject violence and recognize democratic goals if the U.S. is to be comfortable with it taking part in the government, the White House said. But by even setting conditions for the involvement of such nonsecular groups, the administration took a surprise step in the midst of the crisis that has enveloped Egypt for the last week.

The statement was an acknowledgment that any popularly accepted new government will probably include groups that are not considered friendly to U.S. interests, and was a signal that the White House is prepared for that probability after 30 years of reliable relations with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.

At det foregår en slik omlegging bekreftes av forskere og politikere som selv går inn for en slik inkludering.

Monday’s statement was a «pretty clear sign that the U.S. isn’t going to advocate a narrow form of pluralism, but a broad one,» said Robert Malley, a Mideast peace negotiator in the Clinton administration. U.S. officials have previously pressed for broader participation in Egypt’s government.

Condoleezza Rice og Bush-administrasjonen la sterkt press på Egypt og andre land i 2005 for å iverksette reformer. Men administrasjonen så ikke for seg en rolle for islamistene, selv om det også den gang fantes forskere som argumenterte for inkludering.

«This is different,» said Malley, now with the International Crisis Group. «It has a real political edge and political meaning.»

White House spokesman Robert Gibbs said that a reformed government «has to include a whole host of important nonsecular actors that give Egypt a strong chance to continue to be [a] stable and reliable partner.»

Kursomleggingen ble bekreftet på et møte som tre National Security-tjenestemenn – Ben Rhodes, Samantha Power and Daniel Shapiro – holdt samme dag med en gruppe Midtøsten-eksperter. Inntrykket de fikk var at Obama-administrasjonen innstiller seg på og godtar at Brorskapet blir med i et nytt egyptisk styre.

Blant menneskrettslobbyen og tenketanker er det mange som ivrer for inkludering:

«We stressed that it would be useful for them to be more explicit about the end state they are urging for the Egyptian government,» said Tom Malinowski, Washington director for Human Rights Watch. «The fear that some of us have is that when men like [new Egyptian Vice President Omar] Suleiman hear words like ‘orderly transition’ and ‘reform,’ they may not define them in the same way that President Obama defines them.»

U.S. open to a role for Islamists in new Egypt government
But the Muslim Brotherhood must renounce violence and support democracy, the White House says.