Flere arabiske land håper i all stillhet at Israel tukter Hamas, fordi Hamas representerer en uansvarlig faktor som truer deres egen maktstilling. Hamas truer selv i denne situasjon Egypts kontroll over grensen ved Rafah.
Hamas’ demand that Egypt open Rafah to all Gazans, and not just to the
wounded seeking treatment abroad, has been rejected in part because Egypt
remains committed to an Israeli-Palestinian agreement from 2005 that
governs the Gaza border crossings, even though it was never a signatory to the pact. But beyond this formal reason, Egypt wants to prevent thousands of Palestinians from once again crossing the border into its territory. This past January, when hundreds of thousands of Palestinians broke through the border fence, the Egyptian government suffered harsh criticism at home for allowing Egypt’s sovereignty to be violated.
Nevertheless, it seems unlikely that Cairo will long be able to withstand
the enormous pressure being generated by the Arab media and public.
Thus far, Hamas has not succeeded in generating an Arab diplomatic
initiative that would lead to a renewed cease-fire on its terms. Egypt and Saudi Arabia, which view Hamas as an Iranian ally whose goal is to increase Tehran’s regional influence at their expense, prefer to wait a bit in the hopes that Israel’s military operation will strip Hamas of its ability to dictate terms. And without those two states, the Arab League will have trouble even convening an emergency summit.
Granted, such a summit has limited practical value. But its absence
indicates that Arab solidarity with the Palestinians is crumbling under