Russland og Kina stiller seg bak et forslag til Sikkerhetsrådet om nye sanksjoner mot Iran. Resultatet er en stor seier for utenriksminister Hillary Clinton og USA.
«We have reached agreement on a strong draft with the cooperation of both Russia and China,» Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Tuesday morning. Later in the day, the American ambassador to the United Nations, Susan Rice, presented the resolution to the Security Council, the first step in what promises to be weeks of debate.
The agreement was reached by the United States, Britain, France, Russia and China — the five permanent, veto-wielding members of the Security Council — plus Germany. Russia and China have been the most resistant to the American-led efforts to impose new sanctions on Iran, and blocked any sanctions that would stop the flow of oil out of Iranian ports, or gasoline into the country.
But the countries did agree on sanctions aimed at Iranian financial institutions, including those that support the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps The corps is responsible for overseeing the military aspects of the Iranian nuclear program, but in recent years it has also grown into the nation’s most powerful political and economic force. Many Iranians despise the corps for its role in brutally suppressing protests after last year’s disputed presidential elections.
The newest element of the sanctions would require countries to inspect ships or aircraft headed into or out of Iran if there are suspicions that banned materials are aboard. But as in the case of North Korea, there is no authorization to board those ships forcibly at sea, a step officials from many countries warned could start a firefight, and perhaps touch off a larger confrontation.
If the council adopts the resolution, it would represent the fourth round of sanctions against Iran. The previous three have failed at their main objective: to force Iran to cease enriching uranium and comply with all demands from the International Atomic Energy Agency to inspect suspect locations, turn over documents related to suspected weapons research and allow interviews of Iranian scientists.< (blockquore>