Nytt

Bildet: Pave Benedikt 16, hilser sin eldre bror, Monsignor Georg Ratzinger, i anledning hans 85 årsdag. For anledningen med Domspatzen-koret i det Sixtinske kapell, datoen er 17. januar 2009. Foto: Osservatore Romano/Reuters/Scanpix

Omfanget av overgrep i den katolske kirke har fått et omfang som truer kirkens eksistens. Siste skandale er et verdensberømt guttekor i Regensburg, Domspatzen, som til overmål har vært ledet av en eldre bror av pave Benedikt 16.

Overgrepene ligger tilbake i tid. De fleste overgriperne er døde, men ikke ofrene. Bispedømmet har tatt initiativ til å utbetale erstatninger. Men det kan ikke rette opp kirkens renommé. At Ratzinger er indirekte involvert gjør saken enda mer ødeleggende.

Det har nå vært så mange skandaler at det går på tilliten til kirken løs.

Saken kom første gang offentligheten til kjenne i 2010. En advokat, Ulrich Weber, fikk i oppgave å utarbeide en rapport. Den ble fremlagt tirsdag.

The report said that 547 boys at the Domspatzen’s school «with a high degree of plausibility» were victims of physical or sexual abuse, or both. It counted 500 cases of physical violence and 67 of sexual violence, committed by a total of 49 perpetrators.

At the choir’s pre-school, «violence, fear and helplessness dominated» and «violence was an everyday method,» it said.

«The whole system of education was oriented toward top musical achievements and the choir’s success,» the report said. «Alongside individual motives, institutional motives – namely, breaking the will of the children with the aim of maximum discipline and dedication – formed the basis for violence.»

Skandalene følger et mønster: Når noen forsøkte å slå alarm ble sakene dysset ned. Så også i dette tilfelle. Pavens bror, Georg, ledet koret i 30 år. Han visste om de fysiske avstraffelsene, men ikke de seksuelle overgrepene.

The report faulted Ratzinger «in particular for ‘looking away’ or for failing to intervene.»

It also cited criticism by victims of the Regensburg diocese’s initial efforts to investigate past abuse. It said that the bishop at the time the allegations surfaced, Gerhard Ludwig Mueller, bears «clear responsibility for the strategic, organizational and communicative weaknesses» of those efforts.

Cardinal Mueller became the head of the Vatican’s doctrine office in 2012. Pope Francis recently removed him from that job.

Guttene i koret bodde på internat og dette gjør overgrep lettere.

In the report, dozens of former students described their primary-school years as a “prison,” “hell” or “concentration camp,” he said.

“Many described this time as the darkest period of their lives, dominated by violence, fear and helplessness,” Mr. Weber said.

Survivors expressed relief at the release of the report, but one of them, Udo Kaiser, said it could not restore their stolen childhoods.

“It has been documented,” Mr. Kaiser said in a telephone interview from his home in Munich. “Everything I have been saying for the past 30 years, when no one believed me, everything I have been fighting for the past seven years is now public.”

Overgrepene ble begått av 49 mennesker, de fleste av dem prester. Om de seksuelle overgrepene heter det i den 440 sider lange rapporten:

The sexual abuse ranged from “leering looks or verbal abuse, to the forced consummation of pornography, unwanted sexual touching to forced sex,” the report said.

Along with the physical and sexual abuse, many victims suffered psychological abuse and bullying from classmates who mirrored the hierarchy and from the school’s strict educational style.

“There was a feeling of permanent control, ranging from regular checks of their clothes closets, to making sure that underpants were being worn beneath their pajamas,” the report said. “The children were under pressure, regarding their academic as well as their musical achievements, in addition to fearing punishment.”

Når det gjaldt fysisk avstraffelse var det ofte ørefiker, og dette adskilte seg ikke fra hva som var vanlig i storsamfunnet på den tiden. De mer alvorlige overgrepene foregikk bak lukkede dører, slik at mange elever ikke ante hva som foregikk. Da skandalen ble kjent var det tidligere elever som nektet å tro at det kunne være sant. De hadde ikke merket noe.

 

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/germany-domspatzen-catholic-boys-choir-abuse-physically-sexually/