Nytt

I mai har det vært en rekke bombeeksplosjoner i Gaza, denne gang mot Hamas-mål. Det er avleggeren til IS som angriper fordi de mener at Hamas ikke er religiøse nok.

Tidligere anslo man at de var noen hundre. Nå anslås det at de utgjør noen tusen.

IS’ fremgang i Irak og Syria og all mediedekningen inspirerer gaza-boere som bor i arbeidsledighet og misære. IS fremstår som fremadstormende og suksessrike, mens Hamas befinner seg i skvis mellom Egypt og Israel. For salafister fremstår det også som Hamas ikke er velsignet av Allah, siden det går så dårlig for dem, og forklaringen er at de ikke er religiøse nok. De tør heller ikke angripe Israel. IS-cellene representerer således en trussel både mot Israel og Hamas.

One bomb hit a Hamas security checkpoint in northern Gaza. A few days later, another exploded in a trash can. Another blew up next to a Gaza City high-rise, and a small one targeted a chicken store owned by a Hamas intelligence official, Saber Siyam.

The four attacks in May — among at least a dozen this year, documented by a local human rights group — were aimed not at infidels, collaborators or criminals but at the ruling Islamist group, Hamas. The suspected perpetrators were Hamas’s emerging rivals: extremist Islamist groups that see Hamas as insufficiently pious, and that vow loyalty to the Islamic State.

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“We will stay like a thorn in the throat of Hamas, and a thorn in the throat of Israel,” said Abu al-Ayna al-Ansari, the spokesman for the groups supporting the Islamic State, using a nom de guerre for security reasons.

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While it is hard to gauge their numbers, the latest round of clashes is a sign of the extremists’ growing potency. Nathan Thrall, an analyst with the International Crisis Group, estimates that their ranks have swelled from several hundred a few years ago to a few thousand today among Gaza’s 1.8 million residents.

Mr. Ansari, the spokesman, said the militants had formed a decision-making council for their group, Supporters of the Islamic State, and created a militant wing, the Battalion of Sheikh Omar Hadid.

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To the extremists, the poverty, suffering and hopelessness in Hamas-led Gaza stands in sharp contrast to the Islamic State’s sweep through Syria and Iraq, which appears divinely victorious.

“When my brother went to Syria, he said: ‘Forget Gaza, this is the real world. I am in a world you cannot imagine,’ ” one young man said dreamily of his brother, who was recently killed fighting for the Islamic State, also known as ISIS or ISIL, in Syria. Like most salafi-jihadis and their families, he requested anonymity, fearing trouble with the Hamas authorities.

IS sender penger til følgerne og familiene til de som slåss for deres sak. De finansierer reisen for krigere som vil slutte seg til dem.

Et område som er styrt av militser er per definisjon lovløst. Norske myndigheter, NGO’er og pressen er lite interessert i å følge med på hva som skjer, som kidnappingen og drapet på italieneren Vittorio Arrigoni i 2011. Arrigoni var palestina-aktivist. Likevel ble han kidnappet og drept. Drapet forekom meningsløst. Nå vet vi at han ble drept av jihadister. Drapsmannen ble dømt til 15 år, men så slapp han ut på permisjon og forsvant. Til IS i Syria.

gaza.Vittorio-Arrigoni

Officials allowed furloughs for others, including Mahmoud al-Salfiti, sentenced to 15 years in prison for the murder of an Italian activist Vittorio Arrigoni, in 2011. Mr. Salfiti subsequently fled detention, and local news media reported he left Gaza for Syria to fight with ISIS.

Mr. Arrigoni was initially kidnapped by extremists who wanted to swap him for some of their own detainees.

Hamas forsøker å slå ned på IS-sympatisører med de midler de vanligvis benytter: arrestasjoner, tortur og drap. Da oppstår den absurde situasjon at IS-pårørende klager over diktatoriske metoder.

In a beige home on a narrow alley in the northern Gaza Strip, the father of a 25-year-old detained man clutched worry beads; the man’s mother slouched on a couch and their oldest son curled up on a chair. They had not heard from their detained son in weeks.

He was arrested after he raged against Hamas on Facebook about the treatment of imprisoned salafi-jihadis.

After he was released after 13 day in May, his back, knees and feet were swollen.

He was quickly ordered back into detention, and the family has not heard from him since. His youngest siblings wanted to stage a protest, but were stopped by their oldest brother.

“You learn how to behave in a dictatorship: what you learn is to stop talking,” said the brother.

But he feared his brother had become more extreme, and anti-Hamas in detention.

Talsmannen for IS i Gaza, Ansari, sier gruppen vil angripe Hamas, liksom IS gjør med egyptiske myndigheter, hvis de ikke innstiller trakasseringen av deres medlemmer.

Hva er det IS krever? Rett til å utfordre Hamas som kontrollerer Gaza med våpenmakt? Rett til å angripe Israel? selv om det nedkaller israelske motangrep?

IS «rett» er like illegitim som jihadistenes rett til å operere mot Abdel Fattah el-Sisis regime.