Nytt

I land som Pakistan og India har ikke folk de samme sperrer mot nazismen som ellers i verden. Tvert om. Adolf Hitler blir beundret. Tyskere får derfor en oppmerksomhet de helst ville vært foruten.

Hasnain Kazim er tysk borger og skriver for Spiegel. Han skriver fra Islamabad, der han stadig har opplevelser hvor beundringen for Hitler kommer frem.

Temaet er interessant. Det sier noe om at en av de viktigste erfaringene i nyere historie ikke har nedfelt seg i asiatisk bevissthet. Skyldes det naivitet, eller finnes det en rest av genuin beundring for Hitler og nazismen? Som man kan tillate seg fordi man er på lang avstand fra Europa?

Eksemplene som nevnes viser ihvertfall at folk ikke er klar over hvordan beundringen oppfattes av tyskere og europeere:

Germans are popular in India and Pakistan, but not always for the right reasons. Many in South Asia have nothing but admiration for Adolf Hitler and still associate Germany with the Third Reich. Everyday encounters with the love of all things Nazi makes German visitors cringe.

Pakistan is the opposite of Germany. The mountains are in the north, the sea is in the south, the economic problems are in the west and the east is doing well. It’s not hard for a German living in Pakistan to get used to these differences, but one contrast is hard to stomach: Most people like Hitler.

I was recently at the hairdresser, an elderly man who doesn’t resort to electric clippers. All he has is creaky pair of scissors, a comb, an aerosol with water. He did a neat job but I wasn’t entirely happy.
I said: «I look like Hitler.»

He looked at me in the mirror, gave a satisfied smile and said: «Yes, yes, very nice.»

I decided not to challenge him, went home and tried to get rid of the strict parting he’d given me.

Embarrassing Moments

I was glad I avoided the usual Hitler conversation. Pakistanis always hone in on that topic whenever they talk to Germans. «We’re Aryans too,» they say, because there was an Indo-Germanic race, the Aryas. Besides, Hitler was a military genius, they add.

Sometimes it’s better to keep quiet about one’s German origins. It’s embarrassing because people here think they’re doing you a favor by expressing their admiration for the Nazi leader. I suspect most Indians and Pakistanis have no idea what this man did. They see him as the bold Führer who took on the British and Americans.

In the Islamic world, not just in Pakistan but right across from Iran to northern Africa, anti-Semitic sentiment of course plays a role. Conversations with German visitors rapidly turn to the injustice being suffered by the Palestinians who were robbed of their land.

The Desire to be Swallowed up by the Ground

One can try to cut such conversations short, like a German acquaintance of mine did recently. He told a taxi driver in Iran he should stop talking nonsense because he as a dark-skinned person wouldn’t have survived long in Nazi Germany. The taxi driver looked at him surprised and said: «But I’m Aryan!»

Det finnes faktisk en viss dekning for drosjesjåførens selvtillit. Nazismen differensierte mellom fremmede og var opptatt av å finne forfedrene til arierne, som vitterlig stammer fra Iran.

Det historien sier er at den ikke-europeiske verden ikke har den politiske korrekthet internalisert på samme måte som Haznain Kazim, for hvem nazisme er et tabu-ord.

Kazim forteller om en tilsvarende episode hos slekt i London. Han går ikke inn på hvorfor de som bor i en vestlig metropol uanstrengt lufter den samme Hitler-beundring. Men han er klar over at Hitler-beundringen kan ha noe gjøre med antisemittismen som man finner fra Iran til Nord-Afrika. Vi hører svært lite om et fenomen som nå også berører europeiske byer og skoleklassen.

Ett resultat av Tormod Strands reportasjer i Dagsrevyen burde være større oppmerksomhet på den antisemittiske propagandaen i disse landene. Det er en målestokk på om man mener alvor med «kartleggingen av problemet.»

The alternative is just to wish the ground would swallow you up, like when German friends visited us while we were staying with our Pakistani relatives in London. Out of the blue, one uncle started talking admiringly about Hitler, his supposed military feats and how he led Germany out of economic misery. Our friends just sat there stony-faced and didn’t know what to say. Later on my parents apologized to them.

I don’t know where this fascination comes from, not just for the Nazis but for all things German. Most people don’t realize that today’s Germany is very different from the Third Reich. It’s not surprising. Many have never even been to the next big city in their own country, so how should they know what things are like in Germany these days?

Kan forklaringen være at man ser Det Tredje Riket i et heroisk lys og legger inn en antipati mot USA og Vesten?

As a result, many Pakistanis easily switch from Hitler to Mercedes («Very excellent car, but a little too expensive»). A few days ago a white Mercedes built in the 1970s was driving ahead of me in the center of Islamabad carrying a family of seven. On the back was a sticker bearing a black swastika in a white circle. Underneath it read: «I like Nazi.»

Det er ikke bare pakistanere som beundrer Hitler og nazismen. En hindu i Mombay åpnet en original cafe i 2006: Hitler’s Cross.

Ingen er i tvil: Hitler som posterboy.

Selv kelnerne hadde swastikaen på t-skjorten. Det var til og med et sengesett som het The Nazi collection. Cafeeieren var ikke forberedt på alt oppstyret. Etter en stund måtte han endre navn.

Bruken av nazisymboler og beundringen for Hitler tenderer noen ganger mot slapstick. Det dukker opp på de mest uventede steder:

Once my wife and I visited the cafe in the beautiful Hotel Imperial in New Delhi. It has a garden lined with palms, excellent tea and friendly waiters in uniforms that recall the colonial era. A young man served us. The name tag on his uniform attracted my interest so I asked him why he had this rather unusual name for an Indian man. «Oh, my parents named me after a great historic person,» he explained.

The name, in black letters on a golden plate, read: Adolf.

Germans Cringe at Hitler’s Popularity in Pakistan