Nytt

USA er i samtaler med Egypt om mulighetene for å gjøre Midtøsten til en sone fri for atomvåpen. Det kan være en måte å stanse Irans atomvåpenprogram på. Det vil samtidig avvæpne Israel, noe som vil gjøre forslaget mer spiselig i den arabiske og muslimske verden.

Forslaget vil mao slå to fluer med ett smekk: blokker for Irans stormaktsambisjoner, og frata Israel avskrekkingsevnen.

Men bare det at USA lufter en slik mulighet er nok til å sende Israel ned i skyttergravene.

Israel har ikke underskrevet ikke-spredningsavtalen, og har offisielt ikke atomvåpen. Men alle «vet» at Israel har et betydelig atomarsenal, som det er helt urealistisk at landet avskaffer i overskuelig fremtid med det styresett som eksisterer i regionen.

Hvis Obama-administrasjonen likevel skulle velge å gå inn på slike forhandlinger kan det alvorlig forkludre forholdet til Israel.

Amerikanske tjenestemenn tror ikke på slike forhandlinger før det er fremgang i forhandlingene mellom Israel og palestinerne. Men det er å slå seg selv på munnen. Muligheten for å bli stilt under et slikt press vil få Israel til å steile.

Obama har en visjon om en atomfri verden, det er vanskelig å forstå realismen i denne drømmen. Derimot har han tatt viktige skritt for å bringe lagrene av anriket uran under kontroll.

US officials are in talks with Egypt over a plan to make the Middle East a nuclear-free zone, part of an effort to block the Iranian nuclear program, The Wall Street Journal reported Saturday.
Citing unnamed US officials, the newspaper said the White House wanted to build on a non-binding agreement that emerged from a 1995 UN review of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
That agreement had designated the region as a zone free of weapons of mass destruction: the aim now was to promote a Middle East nuclear weapons-free zone, which would include Israel, the Arab states, Iran and Turkey.
The US administration was also seeking a conference on the subject.
US officials said talks with Egypt would resume in New York in the coming month during the month-long nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) review conference, the paper said.
«We’ve made a proposal to them that goes beyond what the US has been willing to do before,» the Journal quotes one senior US official as saying.
However, US officials stressed that they didn’t believe progress in the nuclear-free zone talks would happen without first achieving major advances in Arab-Israeli peace talks, the paper noted.
The United States had also discussed the proposal with the Arab League and other members of the Non-Aligned Movement, the paper reported, quoting Ellen Tauscher, undersecretary of state for arms control and international security.
But this latest initiative could raise new tensions between President Barack Obama and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, The Journal said.
Israel has never publicly acknowledged having nuclear weapons, maintaining a policy of deliberate ambiguity since it inaugurated its Dimona nuclear reactor in 1965.
It is not a party to the NPT, which requires international inspections.
A new nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty review summit opens Monday at UN headquarters in New York. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is expected to participate.
The summit comes as the United States and its partners seek to craft a new UN resolution imposing a fresh round of sanctions against Tehran over its nuclear program.
On Tuesday, Egypt’s UN Ambassador Maged Abdel Aziz said that establishing a Middle East nuclear-free zone at the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) review conference was the key to resolving the nuclear standoff with Iran.
Iran denies the charges that its civilian nuclear program hides a covert quest for an atomic arsenal, but has refused to freeze uranium enrichment, which can be a key step towards developing a nuclear weapon.

US, Egypt negotiate Mideast nuclear-free zone: report