Om å gi seieren til Hamas

Khaled Abu Toameh

Pale­sti­nian recon­ci­lia­tion deal gives ter­ror group legi­ti­macy, power; timing of the move could not be bet­ter for Hamas.

No mat­ter how one looks at it, the Pale­sti­nian recon­ci­lia­tion deal is a vic­tory for Hamas.

Iro­ni­cally, the vic­tory is being han­ded to Hamas by the two par­ties that until recently made tremen­dous efforts to dele­gi­ti­mize and under­mine it: Fatah and Egypt.

More­over, the timing could not have been bet­ter for Hamas.

The Egyptian-sponsored deal came amid signs that Hamas was begin­ning to lose its grip on the Gaza Strip, as a result of the con­ti­nued blockade and boycott by the inter­na­tio­nal community.

Last month, thou­sands of Pale­sti­nian demon­stra­tors clashed with Hamas security for­ces for the first time since the move­ment seized con­trol over the entire Gaza Strip in the sum­mer of 2007.

Many Pale­sti­ni­ans, inclu­ding Fatah, said that the con­fron­ta­tions reflected increased resent­ment of Hamas.

But the unity deal with Fatah will now help Hamas reas­sert its aut­hority over the Gaza Strip. It will also help Hamas emerge from poli­ti­cal iso­la­tion by tur­ning it into a legi­ti­mate and key player in the inter­na­tio­nal arena.

One of the big­gest achieve­ments for Hamas is the fact that the unity deal does not require it to relin­quish con­trol over the Gaza Strip. In fact, Hamas would be per­mit­ted to keep its security for­ces in the Gaza Strip, furt­her tigh­te­ning its grip on the area.

Nor does the deal require Hamas to accept the Middle East peace process or accept the two-state solution.

Hamas will be brought into the unity govern­ment as an equal partner.

Until a few days ago, Hamas and Fatah were detai­ning and tor­turing each other’s supporters.

For the past three-and-a-half years, security for­ces loyal to Mah­moud Abbas and Salam Fayyad wor­ked round the clock to eli­mi­nate Hamas’s pre­sence in the West Bank.

Under the terms of the recon­ci­lia­tion accord, Fatah will have to release all “poli­ti­cal detai­nees” belon­ging to Hamas. This will only help Hamas regain its strength in the West Bank.

The deal also allows Hamas to run again uncon­ditio­nally in elections, as was the case in the 2006 par­lia­men­tary vote. There’s no gua­rantee that Hamas would not win again in the next elections, which are expec­ted to take place wit­hin a year.

Hamas has been rec­og­nized as a legi­ti­mate part­ner and player not only by Fatah, but also by the most popu­lous Arab coun­try, Egypt.

The popu­lar upri­sing that for­ced Hosni Muba­rak out of office ear­lier this year has been not­hing but a bles­sing for Hamas. The new Egyp­tian regime has since been wor­king to improve its ties with Hamas through a series of good­will ges­tu­res that include the reope­ning of the Rafah bor­der crossing and per­mit­ting the move­ment to have its own “repre­sen­ta­tive office” in Cairo.

Alt­hough some Pale­sti­ni­ans remai­ned skep­ti­cal about the pro­s­pects of the unity deal hol­ding for a long period of time, many agreed that Hamas stood to bene­fit the most from the agreement.

Ana­ly­sis: Han­ding vic­tory to Hamas
Jeru­sa­lem Post 04/29/2011 01:03

Docu­ment tak­ker Toameh for til­la­telse til å gjengi hans artikler.

Om du ikke følger Document på sosiale media kan du følge oss på e-post.

Donere engangsbeløp?Kan du forplikte deg til fast betaling?

Penger kan også doneres til kontonummer 15030249981. Du kan også støtte oss ved å kjøpe bøker eller varer.

Leserkommentarer på Document er gjenstand for moderering, som ikke skjer kontinuerlig og under enhver omstendighet ikke om natten. Vi ønsker en respektfull tone uten personangrep, sleivete språk eller flammende retorikk. Vis særlig nøkternhet når temaet er følsomt. Begrenset redigering av skjemmende detaljer kan finne sted. Skriv til dersom du ikke forstår hvorfor en kommentar uteblir. Se her for nybegynnerhjelp.